Walking Together, Walking Far: How a U.S. and African Medical School Partnership Is Winning the Fight against HIV/AIDS
Walking Together, Walking Far: How a U.S. and African Medical School Partnership Is Winning the Fight against HIV/AIDS
A remarkable partnership between the Indiana University School of Medicine and the Moi University School of Medicine in Kenya has built one of the most comprehensive and successful programs in the world to control HIV/AIDS. Calling upon the resources of the Americans, the ingenuity of the Kenyans, and their shared determination to care for patients who had been given up for dead, the program has been nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize and described as a miracle by the U.S. ambassador to Kenya. Doctors from Kenya and the United States—employing methods once considered unfeasible, such as successfully administered antiretroviral regimes—have created a model program for saving lives and empowering the sick and impoverished. Against formidable odds, these partners demonstrate how medicine and caring can overturn preconceived notions about Africa and help wipe out the world's most devastating pandemic.
Article by Ashlynn Donaldson
An STD (sexually transmitted disease) is a disease caused by a pathogen (e.g. virus, bacterium, parasite, fungus) that is transferred from person to person largely through sexual contact. Many STDs can be painful, aggravating, crippling, and life threatening.
Occurring most commonly in sexually active teenagers and young adults, especially those with numerous sexual partners, STDs affect an estimated 200 to 400 million people worldwide – men and women of all economic classes. In the United States more than 13 million people are infected each year and more than 65 million have an incurable STD.
Most STDs cause relatively harmless disease, with no or few symptoms. Nevertheless, there are some STDs that produce persistent asymptomatic (neither causing nor showing symptoms of disease) or minimally symptomatic disease. Some people can carry the disease for days or weeks, while other people will carry for longer periods, even life. An infected person, or a carrier can spread the disease through sexual contact during this time.
In persistant infection, the pathogen escapes detection by the immune system and stays fairly inactive (called latency), causing no apparent disease. However, certain triggers like stress, immune suppression or injury can reactivate latent pathogens. In some cases, reactivated disease will not exhibit symptoms ( chlamydia). In others the symptoms are overt (genital herpes) or severe and even fatal (HIV / AIDS).
STD infection can cause complications that include:
Pelvic inflammatory disease (women) Inflammation of the cervix (women) Inflammation of the urethra (men) Inflammation of the prostate (men) Fertility and reproductive system problems (men and women)
Infants that are infected while in the womb or during birth can possibly be stillborn, blind or have permanent neurological damage.
While viral STDs, such as genital herpes and HIV, can’t be cured their symptoms can be regulated with medication. Bacterial STDs, like gonorrhea and chlamydia, can be cured with antibiotics. Respectively, fungal and parasitic diseases can be cured with antifungal and antihelminthic agents. Getting an early diagnosis and treatment will increase your chances for a cure.
Monogamy with an uninfected partner is the only surefire way to avoid infection with an STD yourself. It is important for you and your partner to talk about eachother’s sexual and STD history before having sex. Prevention is possible through understanding STDs and how they spread.The use of condoms will greatly reduce your risk for transmission.
Some of the behaviors and conditions that can increase your risk for STDs are:
Engaging in sex when either partner has unhealed lesions (genital herpes sores, genital warts) Enema or rectal douching before rectal intercourse Rectal or vaginal irritation or infection Sexual activity that may damage the mucosal lining of the vagina or rectum Tampon use (tampons can cause vaginal dryness and cellular abnormalities) Vaginal dryness (use a water-based lubricant)
If you suspect you have an STD, go see your doctor immediately.
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Related Aids And HIV Articles
-- The publication will coincide with World AIDS Awareness Day.
-- This is a landmark work -- the culmination of a decade of research, involving more than 600 interviews and analysis of more than 4,000 scientific texts.
-- Readers of Laurie Garrett's The Coming Plague, Gina Kolata's Flu, and Randy Shilts's And the Band Played On will be fascinated by The River.For all the devastation and suffering AIDS has caused worldwide, we have devoted surprisingly little attention to its beginnings. Former UN official and BBC correspondent Edward Hooper hopes to find the source of AIDS in The River, a stunningly comprehensive yet deeply engaging scientific history of the disease. Through more than 10 years of research comprising over 600 interviews and untold hours of library work, Hooper has uncovered a complex, interlocking set of stories--of scientific research, of medical assistance to the Third World, of political and economic exigencies that drive the courses of our lives--and brought them together in over 1,000 pages of text, footnotes, references, and illustrations.
His thesis, that HIV made the jump from simians to humans via the administration of oral polio vaccine in Africa in the 1950s, is still controversial, but his arguments are powerful, broad, and undeniable--all that is lacking is conclusive proof. Like a good scientist (and, sad to say, unlike any HIV researcher to date), he offers several easy tests of his hypothesis. His tales of brilliant epidemiological deductions, biochemical comparisons, and physiological insights ought to convince the medical establishment that the answer can and should be found, both to help us deal with the current crisis and to keep us from creating new ones of its ilk. In a litigation-weary world, though, it seems that it will take the kind of tireless, impartial research found in The River to show us--and our leaders--that blame should take a back seat to truth when extreme circumstances demand it. --Rob Lightner
AIDS/HIV Cure Found by Clinician In Berlin, Germany.
When asked why a working cure of Aids and HIV wasn’t getting more publicity, this was the answer Dr. Awadhesh K. Gupta, medical director at Foley Walk-In Med Care, gave.
“My guess is that most scientific researchers are somewhat stunned that a clinician — not a research scientist — has been able to come up with the cure. Most of the big research money and big name American institutions are somewhat embarrassed to acknowledge that the very first case of HIV cure is not coming from their institutions.”
While this is a procedure that can be billed for it isn’t a drug that can be sold over and over again. That is perhaps a better reason why such a breakthrough isn’t being touted on the front page of major media sources.
The New England Journal of Medicine, one of the most prestigious medical journals in the world, finally published the report in its Feb. 12, 2009, issue, Dr. Gupta said. He has been practicing medicine in the United States, in the South Baldwin area of Alabama, since 1997. He heard of this remarkable breakthrough while attending the annual conference on “Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections” in Boston. They released the information that the cure was first used in Charity University Hospital in Berlin, Germany, and the doctor who used it was Gero Huetter, who works in the Department of Hematology, Oncology and Transfusion Medicine at the same hospital.
According to Gupta, Huetter, the German physician treating an American in Berlin, deliberately chose a stem cell donor who had a gene mutation known as “CCR-5 Delta- 32,” rather than using the best matched donor. This was because certain gay men in the San Francisco area remained uninfected with HIV in spite of engaging in risky sexual activities. As it was later discovered, those men had the CCR-5 Delta-32 gene mutation. The mutation is fairly common in Europe in Scandinavia and northern populations.
Gupta said Huetter remembered this research first observed in 1996 and well known in the scientific community. The results are: “This patient has been off all his HIV drugs for two years now,” Gupta said. “He continues to show no detectable signs of HIV in all the known places HIV is detected — no signs of HIV in his blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, intestines or brain.” Also, the patient’s T-cell count remains normal.
Still expensive with a high mortality rate due to possible complications Dr. Gupta still asserts he believes this treatment can eradicate the evidence of HIV in the body. We call that a cure even though doctors almost never use that word.
Thus, according to Gupta, within the limits of scientists’ ability to detect HIV, it appears this patient’s HIV has been “eradicated.”
Frankly everyone who reads this information ought to be amazed that it isn’t getting more publicity than it is. This is a breakthrough of major proportions and reinforces the claims that stem cell research can rid the world of many diseases. Scientists ought to be coming forth in unprecedented numbers to bring news of this breakthrough to an anxious world.
Your author makes this plea to forward and spread this article to eveyone who can benefit from it since they might not read it in newspapers and from broadcast media. The Majoriity needs to be a lot less silent to benefit thousands of patients who need to know while there is still time. And say a prayer of gratitude for your good health. * * *
What is HIV/AIDS
HIV means Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It’s a virus that attacks the immune system resulting a illness that leaves people venerable to infections and cancer. When the body is no longer is fighting the infection, the disease knows as AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). It usually takes about 10 year to get AIDS form the initial HIV infections.
Signs and symptoms
Some early symptoms of HIV are when your body begins to form antibodies to the virus between six to three months after the infection. Some early symptoms of HIV are flu- like symptoms. For example: fever, rash, muscles aches and swollen lymph nodes and glands. As the infection grows people with HIV will get infection and illness that doesn’t normally occur in people that does not have HIV. Some symptoms are: Fever and/or night sweats, easy bruising, Extreme exhaustion, and Body rashes, Purplish lesions on the skin or inside mouth, sudden weight loss, and chronic diarrhea lasting for a month or more. If someone have HIV/AIDS they are more likely to get different disease. Some of the disease could be Kaposi’s sarcoma, pulmonary tuberculosis, Candidacies of the esophagus, trachea, bronchi or lungs, Toxoplasmosis of the brain, severe bacterial infections, Invasive cervical cancer, and Lymphoma.
There are three main ways that people can get HIV/AIDS. First one is Blood Transmission. Second one is Sexual Transmission, and the third one is by Mother-to-child transmission. People can get HIV through blood transmission by touching someone’s blood that has HIV. To prevent getting HIV most people take the nettle exchange. Needle exchange programs shows that it reduces new HIV infection without drug use. Needle exchange programs distribute clean needles and safely dispose of used ones, and also offer related services such as drug treatment centers and HIV counseling and testing. Health Care workers take a risk of running into HIV through infected blood. Some Health Care workers that take risk are: Doctors, Nurses, Dentists, Clinical/ Nonclinical Laboratory Worker, Housekeeper, Health aide, Morgue Technician, Surgical/Nonsurgical Physicians, Dialysis Technician, Respiratory Therapist and Emergency Medical Technician. People could get HIV/AIDS from Sexual Transmission. There are three good ways to prevent sexual transmission is by not having sex, Be faithful with your partner and by using condoms. Another way to get HIV/AIDS are from mother-to-child transmission. This means that if your mother has HIV that means that you will also get HIV because it’s genetic.
How You Know You have HIV
If people want to know if they have HIV/AIDS they can go to the doctor to check if you have HIV/AIDS. They will do some test if you have HIV/AIDS. Another way to find out if you have HIV/AIDS is by doing the HIV Test. HIV Test is the best way for you and your partner of knowing that if they have HIV/AIDS. Some reason why people should take the HIV/AIDS Test is: Knowing your health protects you, knowing your health allows you to make important decisions and to have a healthy lifestyle. Another thing people can do is get a blood test. By taking a blood test is confirms weather the person have HIV/AIDS or not. They confirm if they have HIV/AIDS by checking if there are any antibodies against HIV are present.
Reputable places to go for Information for HIV
Some places that people with HIV could go to get information is by going to a HIV information center, Call the Public Health Agency, searching in the internet, taking to a doctor, HIV/AIDS Nurse and a Pharmacist. HIV information center is a good way to get information because they have all the information about HIV/AIDS. Calling Public Health Center is another good way to get information. Searching in the internet is a good way to get information about HIV/AIDS. Some websites that are useful are: www.thebody.com, www.multiculturalhivhepc.net.au, www.who.int/hiv/en/ and www.aidsmeds.com
There is no cure for HIV/AIDS. But they made a vaccine that is combined two previous unsuccessful vaccine in 2009. The result was that HIV was reduce 30%.
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