Diabetes is a potentially life-threatening, medical condition that affects millions of people around the world, young and old alike. What makes it all the more ominous, is that diabetes progresses in an extremely slow, silent, and stealthy manner, and lies dormant and undetected until it is too late.
Unfortunately, most people who display one or more symptoms of diabetes either ignore the early tell-tale signs of this deadly, medical condition by attributing them to other medical issues, or are unaware of the serious harm it can cause to their overall health.
The Price Of Neglect
Unfortunately, a significant number of those who are advised to seek medical intervention when diagnosed with diabetes – based on one or more of its common symptoms – usually fail to heed such advice, and tend to brush aside further medical intervention to control it. It is precisely these people who pay a heavy price – physically, emotionally and economically, as their general health condition worsens with the silent, progressive march of diabetes.
Swift Action Can Help
You’ll be well advised never to lose sight of the fact that diabetes is controllable … but NOT curable. This is a lifelong AND life-threatening, health condition that must not be ignored in any circumstances. Therefore, as soon as you experience one or more of the symptoms of diabetes, don’t put them on the back-burner, seek medical diagnosis … immediately! By acting swiftly and responsibly, you can and will enjoy a normal, healthy lifestyle, irrespective of whether you are diagnosed with diabetes, or not.
Of course, if you aren’t too familiar with the symptoms of diabetes, here are the unlucky 7 of the most common ones. These have proven, more often than not, to be the early warning signs of this dreadful, health condition.
1. Abnormal Pangs Of Hunger
This is one of the common symptoms of diabetes which usually occurs when cells receive inadequate amounts of energy to process the vital functions of the body owing to insulin deficiency. When cells are starved of energy, they express this hunger for energy by transmitting signals to the specific area of the brain which in turn, makes a diabetic constantly hungry. With lack of insulin, the cells cannot extract glucose from food consumed, and this is what leads to the abnormal pangs of hunger.
2. High Urination Frequency
This is another of the 8 common symptoms of diabetes. It is caused by the increased levels of sugar in the blood that, in turn, increases the frequency of urination. What follows is an increased level of blood flow through the kidneys of the diabetic patient. Although frequency of urination increases as one gets older, it must still be diagnosed, if the underlying cause is determined as, or is indicative of, diabetes.
3. Excessively High Thirst
This is one of the symptoms of diabetes that most people diagnosed with this health condition experience. Unquenchable thirst is usually experienced while the kidneys of the diabetic extract more levels of water from the body, which the latter continuously demands to restock.
4. Inordinate Weight Loss
The inability of cells to extract energy from food, owing to insulin deficiency, starves the body of the adequate amount of energy needed for maintaining normal weight. The lowered energy intake results in breakdown of fat mass and muscle which, in turn, leads to unexplained, sudden or inordinate weight loss.
5. Constant Fatigue
Complete exhaustion or even constant fatigue with minimum exertion or routine work, can be attributed to the decreased levels of energy in a diabetic. This is also one of the many symptoms of diabetes.
6. Tingling Or Numbness In Extremities
This is another one of the many symptoms of diabetes whereby a tingling sensation or numbness is experienced in the extremities of the diabetic sufferer. Tingling or numbness is usually felt in the feet (toes); legs; hands (fingers); or arms
7. Blurred Or Impaired Vision
This is one of the symptoms of diabetes that, if untreated, can lead to complete blindness. It occurs when increased levels of blood flow to the retina of the eye, resulting in swollen eye lenses. As a result, the diabetic can experience blurred or impaired vision.
If you experience any of the above “unlucky 7” symptoms of diabetes, DO NOT hesitate to get yourself tested … the sooner, the better for you.
Always consult your doctor before using this information.
This Article is nutritional in nature and is not to be construed as medical advice.
David Cowley has created numerous articles on diabetes. He has also created a Web Site dedicated to diabetes and how to treat them. Visit http://www.diabetes-team.com
The DIY approach to a diabetes diet!
What Do I Eat Now? is the single best resource for people with diabetes to learn how to eat right and eat healthy with diabetes. Each chapter explains a vital concept of diabetes nutrition in easy-to-understand language. “Tell Me What to Eat” meal plans and recipes at the end of each chapter get readers started on a lifetime of healthy eating. Don’t waste time trying to figure everything out from scratch when What Do I Eat Now? gives readers a step-by-step plan for understanding how to eat right. Learn as you go by cooking healthy, nutritious, and flavorful diabetic meals!
More Diabetes Products
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Article by Hackzjk
Therapeutic approach in patients with diabetes
(1) Porridge. Suitable ones for diabetics to eat are:
Bean paste soup (“Supplement to Compendium of Materia Medica”): rice 50g, bean curd paste 500mL, a little salt or sugar, boiled rice, bean paste, add to rice flowering thick porridge, 2 doses morning and evening hours. For diabetic patients with hypertension, coronary heart disease, if they were not taking diabetic renal failure.
Mung bean porridge (“Universal Relief”): rice 50g, green beans 50g, a total of porridge consumption. Green beans with lipid-lowering effects, suitable for diabetes patients with hypertension, coronary heart disease, if they were not taking diabetic renal failure.
Red bean fish congee (experience side): Chixiaodou 50g, Lei 1, first cooked the fish juice, added Chixiaodou boiled. For diabetic edema.
Spinach porridge (“Compendium of Materia Medica”): spinach 100 ~ 150g, rice 50g, porridge consumption. Deficiency of heat for diabetes type. Diarrhea, loose stools ban clothing.
Celery soup (“Compendium of Materia Medica”): 60 ~ 100g fresh chopped celery, rice 100g, taking porridge. For diabetic patients with hypertension.
Fungus porridge (“ghost left side”): Tremella 5 ~ 10g (or black fungus 30g), rice 100g, jujube 3. First soaked white fungus, the rice, add cooked white fungus jujube, porridge eating. For diabetic vascular lesions, Minnesota Soda American University School of Medicine Professor Han Muxi Schmitt, eat fungus can reduce and prevent heart attacks. Poxue role of fungus, diabetes, pregnant women with caution.
Carrot soup (“Maps of Materia Medica”): amount of fresh white radish, rice 50g, taking porridge. Diabetes sputum for each knot gas.
Mountain Porridge (“Medical Zhong Participation West recorded”): Health yam 60g, rice 60g, boiled rice porridge, yam paste, stir together butter and honey condensate, crumple with a spoon, into the congee consumption. For diabetes, spleen and kidney qi deficiency, backache, fatigue, who will vent.
Carrot soup (“Compendium of Materia Medica”): fresh carrot 50g, rice 100g, taking porridge for diabetic patients with hypertension. Pharmacological Research: potassium succinate carrot has blood pressure.
Melon duck porridge (prescription): a melon, light duck, rice, 200g, 10 mushrooms, dried tangerine peel 3g. Pan fried duck in the first burst of light to the incense, with onions, ginger and seasoning, picked up the slices into the soup boiled. Fresh duck served porridge. For diabetic patients with hypertension.
SJ porridge (prescription): SJ 30g dried or fresh goods 50g, rice 50g, taking porridge. For diabetes, hypertension, stroke patients. SJ can expand coronary artery, can prevent atherosclerosis, often taking the role of the prevention of stroke.
Chrysanthemum porridge (“are appearing common saying”): The Story of Qiu drying into powder, 100g rice porridge to first. Transferred to the end of 10g Shaozhu daisy or two boiling can take. Dim depending on the material for those with diabetes. Chrysanthemum Liver eyesight, for the prevention and treatment of clinical hypertension, coronary heart disease and hyperlipidemia.
Corn meal porridge (“food therapy”): rice 50 ~ 100g, add boiled rice after flowering to, transferred to corn flour 30g (fresh corn flour), ?? take a moment. Applicable to all kinds of diabetes. Corn protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins and minerals, rich in corn oil is a fat more unsaturated fatty acids, is a cholesterol absorption inhibitor.
Lychee porridge (“Quanzhou Materia Medica”): 5 ~ 7 litchi, rice 50g, water, amount of porridge taken. For type ? diabetes.
Kudzu powder porridge (“Tai Ping Sheng Hui Fang”): Kudzu powder 30g, rice 50g, taking a total of porridge. For the elderly with diabetes, or hypertension, coronary heart disease, puerarin with flavonoids, has antipyretic, blood fat, lowering blood sugar.
Rehmanniae porridge (“May God Qu Xian Hidden”): 150g of fresh habitat wash smashed container, 50g boiled rice porridge, juice, then add raw land, ?? use. For Qi and Yin Deficiency type of diabetes.
Qi Zi porridge (“Compendium of Materia Medica”): medlar 15 ~ 20g, rice 50g, taking porridge. Those for diabetes, liver and kidney.
Hulu porridge (experience side): Chen gourd fried deposit of 10g, 50g rice porridge taken for diabetes edema.
TCS porridge (“Qian Jin Fang”): Pollen 30g, warm water for 2 hours, add water 200mL, fry 100mL, taking into rice porridge 50g. Obviously thirsty for diabetes, diabetes during pregnancy.
Allium seeds porridge (“Qian Jin Yi Fang”): Allium sub 10g fry, rice 50g, taking porridge for diabetic patients with impotence.
(2) therapeutic food and herbs. Suitable for diabetics and medicated food dishes are:
Bitter: detoxification, Chufan thirst quencher, and animal studies show that bitter melon had significantly lower blood sugar. Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the PLA
People with diabetes often eat bitter melon has some role in lowering blood glucose, can be eaten fresh or stewed bitter gourd for cooking, each 100g. Diabetic spleen Deficiency not take it.
Freshwater Mussel bitter melon soup: bitter 250g, clam 100g, a total of soup, oil salt, to eat bitter melon soup cooked shellfish meat. For light diabetes.
Pumpkin: lower blood sugar, blood lipid. Domestic and foreign clinical studies have shown that diabetic pumpkin powder does have effects on the light. Research can be dried pumpkin powder, each 5g, 3 times a day, 250g cooked pumpkin can also be eaten fresh, not only hunger but also lower blood sugar.
Onion (onion): tasteless nature, can reduce blood sugar, also used Shuijianbi 50 ~ 100g onions, also can be used for food consumption.
Pork pot Corn: Corn 30g, lean pork 100g, cooked meat Yin Tang, for diabetic patients in general.
Wolfberry steamed: medlar 15g, hen a plus wine, ginger, onions, spices, cooked Gong Zhu wolfberry fruit, chicken, Yin Tang. For the faint of diabetic kidney.
Braised chicken wings bitter: bitter melon 250g, chicken wings, 1 on, ginger, rice wine, spices, vegetable oil amount, the first fried chicken wings, then into the bitter gourd, spices, cooked meat Yin Tang.
Adenophora Polygonatum duck pot: Radix 30 ~ 50g, Polygonatum 30g, the old male duck, spring onions, ginger, salt and a little stew cooked meat, Yin Tang. For middle-aged diabetes.
Tea steamed carp: carp 500g, 20g or so of green tea, steamed, light food fish. For diabetes.
Radish pot abalone: abalone, dried 20g, fresh radish 250g, plus kettle cooked, meat Yin Tang. For diabetic patients in general.
Eel: has a hypoglycemic effect. Making use of eel Diet are: Participation steamed eel, the golden eel, braised eel wire, Guishen eel fish, such as Green Paper can be used explosive Shansi.
Turtle soup: live turtle 500g, onion, ginger, bamboo shoots, moderate alcohol, Dunshu Yin Tang. For elderly diabetic patients with kidney yin deficiency.
Leeks cooked clam meat: leek 250g, clam meat 250g, cooking wine, ginger, pinch of salt, cooked meat Decoction for diabetic kidney yin is insufficient.
Turtle stew Corn: Corn 100g, turtle one, onion, salt, cooking wine amount, Dunshu carnivorous Yin Tang. For diabetic patients in general.
Clam stew corn: Corn 100g, clam 150g, salt, onions, wine taste. Decoction Dunshu food for diabetic patients in general.
Snail: the role of certain hypoglycemic, 10 to 20 large cement, salt, ginger, spring onion, cooked food Lo Yin Tang.
Cod: cod pancreas is rich in insulin, can be stewed. Applicable to all types of diabetes.
Chrysalis: fried with vegetable oil after cleaning, or fry decoction. Applicable to all types of diabetes.
Sea cucumber: Wash can be used for various types of fried diabetes.
Fresh mushrooms fried peas: fresh mushroom 100g, fresh peas 150g, vegetable oil, salt a little. Applicable to all types of diabetes.
Other Plastic Packaging: Fried Peas, Fried Bean Sprouts, Fried melon, Fried spinach, fried bean sprouts, Hong Gansi fried celery, mushrooms, cabbage Dengjun suitable for diabetic food burning.
(3) soups, beverages. Patients suitable for drinking soups, beverages are:
Winter flesh soup (“Sheng Hui Fang”): Winter flesh (dried) 30g decoction on behalf of the tea.
Gourd soup: fresh gourd 60g, or dried 30g, decoction Yin Tang. Boil for diabetic skin.
Chixiaodou winter melon soup: red bean, melon amount Jiantang. Boil for diabetic skin.
Mulberry rice soup: rice blast took 30g, Cortex Mori 30g, Shuijianbi. For diabetes are thirsty to drink.
Spinach white fungus soup: fresh spinach root 150 ~ 200g, white fungus 20g, Yin Tang eat fungus, constipation for those with diabetes.
Rabbit soup: a rabbit, salt spices, cooked meat Yin Tang.
Pigeon white fungus soup: half a pigeon, white fungus 15g, cooked meat Yin Tang. Applicable to all types of diabetes.
Pigeon odoratum yam soup: pigeons 1, yam 30g, Polygonatum 20g, total cooked meat Yin Tang. For deficiency diabetes.
Pig pancreas soup: a porcine pancreas, Astragalus 60g, Chinese yam 120g, water decoction, fresh pig pancreas, Yin Tang. Pig Yizi drying into powder, each time 6 ~ 9g, 3 times a day. Applicable to all types of diabetes.
Ears soup: white fungus, black fungus of the 10g, a little rock sugar, white fungus, black fungus, washed with water vapor added to the fungus Shulan, food fungus Yin Tang. Diabetic eyes out for blood.
Huai-Ju green tea drink: chrysanthemum, Sophora japonica, green tea, the 3g, boiling water for drinking. For diabetic patients with hypertension.
Bitter melon tea: a fresh bitter melon, green tea amount, warm water. For light diabetes.
Diabetes tea (“Taiwan Miyao”): Ophiopogon, Polygonatum the 15g, astragalus, through the grass of the 100g, Poria, Ginger, Pueraria, Morus alba the 50g, Burdock Root 150g, dry habitat, wolfberry root, silver flower vine, Coix seed 30g, Smilax 24g, drugs were made into powder and cake, each 15g, each take a fire Do not focus on making Hong cooked, research last tea.
Digupi Lu (“National Chinese medicine formulary”): Digupi 300g, to fine, with the distillation method, as exposed 1500g, per serving 60g, 2 times a day.
Diabetes instant drink: fresh melon peel the skin and 1000g, sugar amount, Trichosanthes root 250g. Peel and slice cucumber, Trichosanthes root broken blisters, put the pot boiling the water amount of 1 hour, winners go to Java and then add boiling over low heat to concentrate, to sticky a cease-fire, to be warm, add sugar powder, the boiled liquid smoke net, mix, dried, crushed, each 10g, red of boiling water, frequency of drinking of tea. Applicable to all types of diabetes.
White radish juice (“fresh Minds of Medicine”): white radish 1000g, washed smashed, gauze Jiao Zhi, each 50mL, 3 times a day.
Fresh Juice Lee (“Quanzhou Materia Medica”): amount of fresh ripe plums, chopped Jiao Zhi, 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.
Plum Tea: ebony 15g, on behalf of boiling tea.
Polygonatum wolfberry tea: Polygonatum 15g, medlar 10g, green tea, 3g, warm water on behalf of tea brewing.
Fresh Rehmannia Lu (“TCM Diabetes Control”): fresh habitat 500g, cut into small pieces, the system exposed 1000g, per serving 100g, with nourishing Yin, thirst role.
Ophiopogon tea (“TCM Diabetes Control”): Radix, Codonopsis, littoralis, Yu-chu, pollen of the 9g, ebony, Anemarrhena, licorice all 6g, total fine, each serving one, drinking water Chong, on behalf of the tea.
Sheng Jin Cha (“TCM Diabetes Control”): Fruit 5, Golden Dendrobium, chamomile, Zhuru the 6g, Radix, mulberry leaves the 6g, Xianou 10, pineapple (peeled) 2, water chestnuts (peeled) 5, fresh reed rhizome (chopped) 2, total crude on the drug?
Article by Timothy
Type 1 Diabetes ?My husband and I live with a pin cushion. She?s our only child and that?s how she feels despite her spunky cartwheel legs and strong monkey bar arms. Her friends see a gymnast, a dancer, a kind person who loves animals and other children. I see that too, but? For four years, people didn?t notice the holes, the places in her tender skin where she?d been repeatedly stabbed three to six times a day. Nor did they hear the screams or witness the kicking of legs in a body too young to understand why her parents were hurting her. Insulin injections were keeping my daughter alive. But, as her mother, how could I better nurse her wounds, the mental ones and the ones left by the needles?? (Canfield, Hansen, Hoogwerf 106). Diabetes is a difficult disease to live with, for a child with diabetes and their parents. Physical, emotional, and psychological tolls exist on a daily basis for those living with diabetes. The rate of newly diagnosed patients has increased exponentially over the years, inexplicably by doctors, yet awareness and education has not. It is crucial that in order to work towards a cure for type 1 diabetes, an awareness of the disease, symptoms, treatment, management, complications, and prevention must first be established. Diabetes exists in two forms?type 1 and type 2. Approximately 95% of people suffering from diabetes have type 2, while only 5% of Americans suffer from type 1. Though type 2, sometimes referred to as adult on-set diabetes, is more prevalent, type 1, otherwise known as ?juvenile? diabetes, is often considered the more serious of the two. Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children; however, it is possible to be diagnosed in adulthood. When the body ingests food, the stomach begins to break down its contents into protein, fat, and carbohydrates. It is carbohydrates that further break down into glucose, which the body uses for energy. In a normal, healthy body, the pancreas releases a hormone called insulin, which helps the cells absorb and use the glucose. The insulin acts as a key to the cell, so that when it is released, it opens the cell allowing glucose to be absorbed. However, when insulin is absent, the cell cannot open and absorb the glucose from the bloodstream. A type 1 diabetic?s pancreas does not function properly?it releases little to none of the hormone, insulin, as it should. Therefore, when glucose enters the bloodstream, it is forced to remain there because insulin is not present to open the cell for absorption. It is key to understand that type 1 diabetes is ?considered to be an auto-immune disease because the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are attacked and ?erroneously? destroyed by the immune system early on in the disease process, resulting in little to no insulin production in the pancreas? (Renosky 1). Thus, a type 1 diabetic requires insulin therapy to maintain normal blood glucose levels. Diabetes is an auto-immune disease that scientists believe has to do with genes. Genes are ?like instructions for how the body should look and work?but just getting the genes for diabetes isn?t usually enough. In most cases something else has to happen?like getting a virus infection?for a person to get Type 1 Diabetes? (Type 1 Diabetes 2). In other words, diabetes is not considered to be an infectious disease, and it is not like a cold that can be caught from being in contact with someone who suffers from the disease. Unfortunately, doctors still cannot predict who will develop the disease and who will not. There are many classic symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes that can develop either suddenly or gradually. The most common symptom is frequent urination, followed by increased thirst, weight loss, fatigue, and increased appetite. If anyone experiences these symptoms, especially if there is a family history of diabetes, it is important to seek medical attention immediately. Failure to treat these symptoms could result in other health problems such as ?stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, breathing problems, and even loss of consciousness. Doctors call this diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA? (Type 1 Diabetes 2). Currently, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes; however, there are some treatments being explored. The three main treatments being explored are Pancreas transplants, Islet cell transplantation, and Stem cell transplants. Pancreas transplants are quite rare because of the risks associated with them. Upon transplantation, one would need a ?lifetime of potent immune-suppressing drugs to prevent organ rejection? (Mayo Clinic 4). In addition to these immune-suppressing drugs, a ?high risk of infection and organ injury? exists among those receiving a transplant. Islet cell transplantation ?provides new insulin-producing cells from a donor pancreas? (Mayo Clinic 4). Similar to a pancreas transplant, islet cell transplantation requires the use of immune-suppressing drugs, which carry the same risks. The risk of the immune system destroying the transplanted cells is also a risk. Finally, stem cell transplant is another treatment being explored. Stem cell transplantation involves ?shutting down the immune system and then building it up again?[which] can be risky? (Mayo Clinic4). All three of these treatments are promising, yet scientists are still working toward finding a more successful and permanent treatment for diabetes. While there is no cure for diabetes, it is important to follow a strict diabetes management plan in order to live a healthy life. Regular blood glucose monitoring and insulin therapy are two important forms of proper diabetes management. Fortunately, technology advancement over time has allowed blood glucose monitoring to very simple. Upon diagnosis, patients receive a blood glucose meter to carry with them at all times for blood glucose testing. This meter allows a diabetic to monitor their blood glucose, or ?blood sugar? level, at liberty in order to maintain better diabetes control. A meter only requires a small drop of blood, and readings are available in approximately five seconds. It is important to keep blood sugar levels between 80 and 120 as much as possible. If steady glucose levels are not maintained or diabetes management is neglected over time, serious complications can result such as ?seizures, blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, amputations and strokes…? (Juvenile Diabetes 11). Insulin therapy is another key to healthy diabetes management. Regular insulin doses help control blood glucose levels following meals and overnight. There are two main types of insulin: short-acting and long-acting. Short-acting insulin is administered during the day or following meals. It is called short-acting because of the small amount of time needed for the insulin to take effect. This is especially important following meals because, as the body absorbs the glucose from food, blood glucose levels rise quickly. Short-acting insulin combats the swift rise in glucose levels and helps maintain a steady blood glucose reading. The second type of insulin is long-acting insulin. This is administered before going to sleep at night because the insulin slowly acts upon glucose levels. Instead of immediately having an effect on blood glucose levels, the long-acting insulin slowly applies itself keeping glucose levels steady throughout the night. The amount or type of insulin that a diabetic receives varies from person to person?no one person is the same. As a diabetic becomes adjusted to their body and the disease, they will begin to assess their body’s need for insulin. Some will require more insulin than others, and this generally happens over time. As a diabetic patient continues to live with the disease, their body will become more and more dependent on synthetic, or manufactured, insulin rather than its own. In addition to blood glucose monitoring and insulin therapy, a healthy diet and active lifestyle are key to proper diabetes management. Living with diabetes can mean making a significant dietary adjustment for a newly diagnosed patient. While fats, proteins, and carbohydrates may have never been considered prior to diagnosis, a type 1 diabetic’s diet revolves around them. Careful planning and measuring of food intake to insulin ratio is strenuous and time-consuming, yet essential. It is important for the body to receive all of its essential nutrients while maintaining proper blood glucose levels. This requires careful calculation of carbohydrate, or carb, to insulin ratio. Each diabetic has a standard ratio of insulin per one carb. Fifteen grams of carb is, for general purposes, considered one carb. Based on how many grams of carb are in a meal, the ratio of insulin can then be calculated. It is difficult to imagine doing calculations like this for every meal, but that is the reality of living with diabetes. The final element of proper diabetes management is maintaining an active way of life. A healthy lifestyle allows a person with diabetes to maintain better control over their diabetes. Being active helps lower blood sugar because ?muscle contraction, increased blood flow and increased body temperature cause the body to be more responsive or ?sensitive? to insulin during and soon after exercise. In addition, when muscles contract, they can take up glucose from the bloodstream independently of insulin? (Australia 1). Since muscle contraction can take up glucose from the bloodstream without insulin during exercise, being active is particularly encouraged when blood glucose levels are elevated. This will help bring high glucose levels down to a more normal reading quickly. Thus, a well-balanced diet and active lifestyle are imperative to proper diabetes management. Serious complications can evolve from poor management of diabetes. Seizures, diabetic coma, ketoacidosis (ketones present in the blood stream cause the kidneys to shut down), loss of vision, depression, amputation, and premature death are all complications of diabetes. Lauren Stanford, at 13, felt the frustrations of living with diabetes: ?I wanted so bad to be like my other teenage friends who were free to worry about nothing more than boys and movies and fun,? she says (Juvenile Diabetes 66). Lauren, like many teenagers, began to neglect her diabetes in order to feel ?free? like other children her age. Not only did she neglect to monitor her blood glucose levels, but she began skipping insulin doses as well. Lauren went on to say that, ?On October 30th I collapsed and was rushed to Children?s Hospital in Boston where I was put in the ICU. I could have died. Diabetes almost got me? (Juvenile Diabetes 66). Ignorance and neglect of diabetes management can carry serious health risks as seen in Lauren?s story. It is important to realize that diabetes is not a disease that will go away if ignored. Rather, serious complications can evolve from neglect. Therefore, it is very important to handle Diabetes in a serious and responsible manner. Type 1 diabetes is a serious disease that carries serious consequences and health risks from poor management. Therefore, the bruises, holes, and tender skin from finger pricks and injections are a necessary part of life for one living with diabetes. Many parents suffer from the guilt of hurting their child with daily sticks, but this is what keeps a child with diabetes alive. Regular glucose monitoring, insulin therapy, a healthy diet, and active lifestyle are the most important steps in proper diabetes care. Many children and adults suffer from type 1 diabetes, but with the advancements of technology, those suffering from diabetes are able to live a healthy and happy lifestyle until a cure is found.
Article by Neal K
The word diabetes was coined by the 2nd-century A.D. Greek physician, Aretus the Cappadocian, meaning ‘the siphon’ as the condition is characterized by excessive urination.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels. The word mellitus was added to diabetes in 1675 by Thomas Willis. Mel in Latin means honey and refers to the excess of glucose in the urine and blood of people with diabetes.
Types of diabetes
According to WHO, there are three main types of diabetes:Diabetes Type 1 – The body does not produce insulin at all. Also called early onset or juvenile diabetes, it requires the person to inject insulin throughout his/her life. People suffering from this types of diabetes are also very prone to ketoacidosis. The cause is not certain and could be genetic, viral, or multifactorial.Diabetes Type 2 – Also called maturity onset, Type 2 diabetes is a result of insulin resistance. The body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or is not able to utilize insulin effectively. Gestational Diabetes – A form of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Diabetes Types 1 & 2 are chronic, lifelong medical conditions. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after the birth of a child but can later lead to type 2 diabetes.
Juvenile diabetes may be either Type 1 or Type 2, and is seen in children or adolescents.
Common symptoms of diabetes are:Frequent urinationDisproportionate thirstIntense hungerWeight gainUnusual weight loss (More common among people with Diabetes Type 1) Increased fatigueIrritabilityBlurred visionCuts and bruises don’t heal properly or quicklyMore skin and/or yeast infectionsItchy skinRed or swollen gumsNumbness or tingling, especially in the feet and hands
Diabetes is typically detected by carrying out a urine test, followed by a blood test
High risk groups of diabetes
Certain people are at higher risk of getting Type 2 diabetes. High risk groups include those who:-
Are over 55 Have a family history of diabetesAre overweight or obese Have high blood pressureHad diabetes during pregnancy or gave birth to a big baby (more than 9 pounds)Are Southeast Asian, Asian Indian, Afro-American, Hispanic American or Native American Have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) Have heart disease
There is only one way to check if you have diabetes: get your blood sugar level tested.
Diabetes related complications
Diabetes is a chronic, life-long condition that requires careful monitoring and management. Left untreated, it can lead to various complications such as kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, and blindness in some cases. Diabetes causes about 5% of all deaths globally each year. Diabetes deaths are likely to increase by more than 50% in the next 10 years without urgent action and preventive measures.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia)
Anyone who suffers from diabetes and takes insulin is going to face the problem of blood sugar falling too low at some point. This state is called hypoglycaemia and can be corrected quickly by eating something sweet, like candy or plain sugar. If it is not corrected, hypoglycaemia can lead to the person losing consciousness.
The typical signs of hypoglycemia are:hungershakinesssweatingdizziness or light-headednessconfusionweaknessKetoacidosis
This is a severe condition caused by lack of insulin. It mostly affects people with type 1 diabetes. Acidic waste products called ketones are produced when the body breaks down fats. In the absence of insulin, the body cannot release all the ketones and they build up in your blood, causing ketoacidosis.
Lactic acidosis is the build-up of lactic acid in the body. Too much lactic acid in the body makes people feel ill. Otherwise, Lactic acidosis is a rare ailemnt. It mainly affects people with type 2 diabetes.
Bacterial / fungal infections
Patients are more prone to fungal and bacterial infections like boils, boils, athlete’s foot, sties, ring worm, and vaginal infections.
Eye disease (retinopathy)
As per statistics, about 2% of all people who have had diabetes for 15 years or more become blind, while about 10% develop a severe visual impairment.
Kidney disease (nephropathy)
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease (nephropathy) and failure. About one third of all people with diabetes develop kidney disease and approximately 20% of people with type 1 diabetes develop kidney failure.
Nerve disease (neuropathy)
Diabetic nerve disease, or neuropathy, affects at least half of all people with diabetes. Common complaints are loss of sensation in the feet or in some cases the hands, pain in the foot and problems with the functioning of different parts of the body including the heart, the eye, the stomach, the bladder and the penis. A lack of sensation in the feet and hands can lead to patients to injure themselves without realizing it.
Diseases of the circulatory system
The risk of heart disease is 2-4 times higher in diabetes patients than for those who do not have diabetes. It is the main cause of disability and death for people with type 2 diabetes in industrialized countries.
Diabetics are more likely (20 to 35 times) to require lower-limb amputation.
Prevention & Lifestyle modification
Experts and doctors believe that while there is yet no evidence to suggest that Type 1 diabetes can be prevented, primary prevention of type 2 diabetes is possible.
Weight control, a balanced diet, and increased physical activity are important in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. The benefits of reducing body weight and increasing physical activity also play a role in reducing heart disease, high blood pressure, etc.
Secondary prevention involves the early detection and prevention of complications, therefore reducing the need for treatment. Regular annual check-ups go a long way in timely detection of diabetes. Periodic check of blood glucose levels is a must as are the monitoring of blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Healthy eating, regular exercise, weight control all contribute to good cardiovascular health. Diabetics should also quit smoking .
According to the Mayo Clinic, daily intake of calories should consist of:
Carbohydrates 45% to 65%Proteins 15% to 20% Fats 20% to 35%
Patients are advised to adhere to meal plans for portion sizes and eating times. This will keep blood sugar and your weight ideal.
Though there is no known cure for diabetes, all types of diabetes are treatable. The main treatment for a Type 1 diabetic is injected insulin, along with some dietary and exercise adherence.
If you have Type 1 and follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin, you can lead a normal life. Larry King, Halle Berry, and several well known diabetic US baseball and basketball players lead normal lives. Type 2 patients need to eat healthily, be physically active, and test their blood glucose regularly. They may also be prescribed oral medication to control blood glucose levels. Sometimes, Type 2 patients may also require insulin injections.
Herbal Remedies for Diabetes
Indian bitter gourd or karela is very useful in treating diabetes. The bitter gourd seeds help in reducing the sugar in the blood. It may be taken in its natural form or as capsules. Karela contains Gurmarin, a polypeptide that considered to be similar to bovine insulin
Indian bitter gourd or karela is very useful in treating diabetes. The bitter gourd seeds help in reducing the sugar in the blood. It may be taken in its natural form or as capsules. Karela contains Gurmarin, a polypeptide that considered to be similar to bovine insulin
Amalaki or Indian gooseberry is a rich concentrated source of Vitamin C and is effective in controlling diabetes. A tablespoon of amla juice, along with a cup of bitter gourd juice, stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin.
Hyponidd by Charak.
Click here to know more about Herbal Supplements for Diabetes
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WINNER of the 2008 World Diabetes Day Young Voices video contest in NYC. Thanks to all who voted and viewed! Follow me on Twitter: @LWidbin FAQ: Do you both have diabetes?: No, just LW, but D-Zome is a friend of diabetics everywhere. How long has LW had diabetes?: Since June 27, 2000 Do you like the insulin pump?: Yes, I recommend it. What is your A1c?: 6.3 What is your favorite glucose tab flavor?: Fruit Punch Can you get diabetes from being bitten by the “beetis bird”?: No. ***DISCLAIMER: if a diabetic goes into a hyperglycemic coma, do not give him/her a glucagon shot. you will kill them. the glucagon is for LOW blood sugar, not high. we were just making a rap joke saying that up is down and down is up. The boys from IA are at it again with another rap parody! This beat from “independent” tells you all about LW’s medical problem. Edited and Directed by Luke Widbin. Video by Derrick Rensink, Drew Zomermaand, and Luke Widbin.
More Diabetes Articles
The amount of glucose in the blood is glycemia. The Glycemic Mark indicates which carbohydrates comprise the uppermost levels of concentration of sugars and starches that make it so complex for some diabetics to digest. Most diabetics have either Type I or Type II Diabetes. Generally, when a person is diagnosed with Type II diabetes, they are generally adults. A lot of folks develop Type II Diabetes later in life after experiencing certain symptoms.
Diabetics have a hard type processing certain foods, such as sugars and starches, into their digestive system. Reliable signs of diabetes include frequent urination, greater than before thirst and desire for fluids and may in addition include an increased appetite. In many cases, a person with Type II diabetes feels normally unwell but are not able to figure out what is amiss. Symptoms can mirror influenza or other conditions. If you are experiencing recurrent thirst, undue urination and a substantially bigger appetite, have yourself checked out for diabetes.
Fatigue is also a symptom of diabetes and Type I Diabetes may perhaps cause loss of weight, regardless of increased eating. The rationale for the indications is because of the glucose concentration in the blood, also named glycemia. Since the glucose concentration is raised ahead of the tolerable threshold, glucose remains in the urine, causes more pressure and more frequent urination. When unrestrained, diabetes can cause kidney damage.
Some patients with Type I diabetes present with sickness, abdominal pain and an comatose state. Diabetic ketoacidosis is another term for a diabetic coma which can result when diabetes is undiagnosed or uncontrolled. A diabetic coma can result in loss of life. Nearly all people with diabetes have too much sugar in their blood. There is another type of diabetes, however, called Hypoglycemia, in which the patient has a lower than usual amount of glucose in the blood. This can result in a variety of symptoms including fainting, feeling poorly, impairment of functioning and even blackout.
If you have signs or symptoms of diabetes, you should check your blood sugar level with your general practitioner. While more definitive tests are required to correctly diagnose diabetes, high or low blood sugar can be an indicator that you should see your health care professional to establish the cause of the irregular blood glucose. Indications of diabetes can be scary, but are simply controlled. If you think that you have any of the above listed symptoms, do not be scared to pay a visit to your physician. Diabetes, although seemingly scary, is effortlessly controlled. Physicians know more about diabetes now than ever before and there are many effective medications on the market to keep your illness under control.
If you have a family of history of diabetes, are overweight, or have not have your blood sugar tested recently, be aware of the warning signs of diabetes and have your doctor test your blood the on your next appointment. If you start experiencing any of the symptoms of diabetes prior to your doctor appointment, do not be foolish – go to the ER and have yourself checked out.
For a totally free 66 page report called “Coping With Diabetes” please click on this link: http://www.makeyourmoneywork.smarter-not-harder.info/Diabetes/diabetesdownloadpage1.html
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“Is frequent urination a sign of diabetes?” I asked Julie.
“Yes it is,” She replied.
But frequent urination is not the only sign. There are many other signs of diabetes that you should watch out for.
It was 3pm when Julie finished the 12 symptoms of diabetes. Immediately I summarized them.
So here they are. The 12 sign of diabetes:
1) Recurring infection plus scratch/dry skin. This sign of diabetes is the outcome of the poor blood circulation and high blood glucose level.
2) Gum (periodontal) disease. Experiencing pain whenever chewing food is a sign of diabetes. For those with more serious gum problems, this may even lead to teeth loss.
To treat gum disease, diabetics must work on controlling the diabetic condition.
Gum disease is the result of too much glucose in the blood, which damages oral health.
3) Hair thinning or loss of hair. Because of the diabetic condition, lost hair are not replaced as readily as someone without the disease.
4) Tingling and numbness in hands and feet. This condition is known as neuropathy. Usually this condition surfaces only when the increasing sugar in blood has damaged the nervous system. This sign of diabetes usually surface at a later time.
5) Itches and sores around the genital area. Often, this can be misdiagnosed as Vaginal thrush, candidacies or yeast infection. However, this sign of diabetes is due to too much sugar content in the urine.
To be on the safer side, for those previously diagnosed to have vaginal thrush, candidacies or yeast infection, my advice is to seek another medical opinion just to confirm.”
6) Frequent urination. As the kidney cannot absorb the sugar (glucose), the only way to remove the high sugar content in blood is to purge them into the urine. Since the urine is carrier for these glucose, more is produced in order to cater for the increasing sugar content. And therefore diabetes find themselves visiting the toilet as high as once every 60 minutes. This is usually the 1st sign of diabetes.
7) Always thirsty. Even during cool season, and diabetics involving only in light activities, they tend to get thirsty easily despite drinking plenty of water. This is because of the large amount of fluid loss through urine so as to flush out the glucose.
Dehydration as a result of frequent urination causes diabetics to get thirsty often.
Dry mouth. This is one of the more obvious sign of diabetes. Again, this is closely linked to the loss of fluid – the direct result of frequent urination. Dehydration leading to insufficient saliva to moist the mouth.
9) Feel tired and weak all the time. No matter how much diabetics rest, they are also lethargic. They are always low in energy, because diabetics lose some of the glucose (energy) during urination.
10) Gain or lose weight unexpectedly. Unexpected weight loss could be due to dehydration – a direct consequence of frequent urination. Also it can be due to breakdown of muscle as a result of high glucose content. Either way, these are sign of diabetes.
While unexpected weight loss is not a good sign, so is weight gain. Resistance to insulin promotes fat storage, and this means that glucose cannot be absorbed by the body for use as energy.
11) Blur vision. Pre-diabetics tend to overlook this. Seldom do they suspect this as a sign of diabetes. This can be a serious problem as unclear vision untreated eyes problem (due to diabetes) can lead to blindness.
12) Slow healing cuts and bruises. Diabetics take longer to heal compare to non-diabetics. This is more obvious for wounds and cuts on the feet due to poorer circulation.
While these 12 sign of diabetes are what diabetics’ experience, they are not exhaustive list of diabetes symptoms. Every individual is unique and may not experience these symptoms at all. My suggestion, as always, is to seek professional medical advice early if unwell. Doing so can avoid medical complication at the later stage.