Diabetes is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease. More and more people are being diagnosed with diabetes and need to learn a proper diet for diabetes to keep their disease under control. Following the right diet is essential to prevent serious complications.
People with type 1 diabetes do not produce their own insulin, or they don’t make enough to stay alive. Therefore one of the ways to treat diabetes for these people is with daily insulin injections. Insulin may also be used to treat people with type 2 diabetes when other treatments fail. While some people with type 2 diabetes may be able to wean themselves from taking insulin, the type 1 person with diabetes must take it daily for life as insulin is not a cure, but a way to manage the disease.
A proper diet for person with diabetess includes avoiding foods like simple carbohydrates that provide a spike in blood sugar. Instead, they should eat foods that are digested slowly and release a steady stream of nutrients so their glucose and insulin levels stay steady throughout the day.
Like avacados, nuts are high in fat, but also help lower insulin resistance. Examples of healthy nuts are pecans, almonds, cashews, walnuts and peanuts.
Researchers have evaluated commonly used spices and found some that help lower blood sugar readings. Cinnamon is one of the highest rated for lowering blood levels.
Low glycaemic foods will help you reduce points. Sweet potatoes contain higher fiber than regular potatoes, making them a healthier, lower glycaemic alternative. In addition, sweet potatoes contain high levels of anti-oxidants, believed to have a positive effect on insulin resistance. The high Vitamin B6 components found in sweet potatoes also help to reduce the risk of diabetic heart disease.
Garlic has long been known to raise insulin sensitivity and provide strong anti-oxidant protection.
Studies conducted at Arizona State University show that vinegar’s active ingredient acetic acid, decreases both fasting and after-meal glucose levels. Two to three tablespoons per day of apple cider vinegar is the recommended effective dosage.
Lemons are high in Vitamin C and low on the glycemic scale. The acidity in this fruit helps to prevent blood sugar spikes and lower the glycemic level. In addition, some research suggests that lemons and lemon juice helps in weight reduction.
The healthy fats in this fruit have shown to raise your insulin sensitivity and lower blood sugar levels. Avacados are high in fat however, and should be eaten in moderation.
Cherries are an ideal food for Type 2 diabetics. They contain high levels of anti-oxidants and fiber that help you raise your insulin output and lower your cholesterol. They’re also low in calories.
While choosing a fruit, always opt for fresh fruit. If fresh fruits are not available try to find dried or frozen fruits with no additional sugar.
You must include fruits with a low Glycaemic Index to control your Diabetes 2. The fruits with low Glycemic Index include Cherries, Prunes, Grapefruit, Dried Apricots, Raisins, Peach (canned juice), Apple, fresh Pear, Strawberries, Plum, Guava, Orange, Grapes, Papaya, Banana, Kiwi, Pineapple, Figs, and Mango.
Although watermelon has a high Glycaemic Index, the glycaemic load per food serving (size of 120g) is low; so unless you consume lots in one go, it will not have a big effect on your blood glucose levels.
You can consume these fruits either in raw or cooked form, or in the form of fruit juice, but with no added sugar! While buying fruits, try to buy small pieces. Try to avoid fruit juices. Instead opt for whole fruits since they contain more fiber and are more filling.
Fruits are an important staple of one’s diet. Whether you have Diabetes 2 or not, fruits provide you with fiber, vitamins and minerals which are essential for a complete balanced diet. If you are suffering from Type 2 Diabetes you can still enjoy the benefits of fruits, except those fruits which contain high levels of carbohydrates and sugars and that can have an effect to increase your blood glucose level.
Vegetables supply vitamins, minerals and fiber. The best vegetable choices can be found to have low amounts of carbohydrates! The vegetables recommended in a Type 2 Diabetes diet include Broccoli, Lettuce, Spinach, Cabbage, Asparagus, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Radish, Turnip, Mushrooms, Green Peas, Soybean sprouts, Carrots, Onions, Peppers (all varieties), Green Beans, Eggplant, Celery, Cucumber, Zucchini, Tomatoes, Chilies, and vegetable juice.
Sometimes, medication is prescribed to treat diabetes. These medications include thiazolidinediones, meglitinides, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, sulfonylurea drugs, and biguanides. These drugs are only used in people with type 2 diabetes or women with gestational diabetes. They are not effective in the treatment of type 1 diabetes. They act to make the body sensitive to insulin, stimulate insulin production, slow starch absorption, or decrease sugar production in the liver.
Daily exercise is another of the important ways to treat diabetes. Inactivity has been linked to the development of type 2 diabetes. Doctors recommend person with diabetess get at least 30 minutes of sustained moderate activity every day. This could include walking, dancing, aerobics or swimming.
When considering ways to treat diabetes, one should also think about regular checkups to keep tabs on the progression of the disease. This includes having regular eye and dental examinations as well as
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Kidney stones from when the urine contains more crystal-forming substances, such as calcium, uric acid, and oxalate, than the body can dilute with the available fluid. Most kidney stones contain a combination of calcium and oxalate. According to new research published in the June issue of the Journal of Urology, drinking diet soda may present the most common type of kidney stones.
Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco and their colleagues conducted a study to determine whether any commercially available drinks could help to prevent kidney stones. They found that diet versions of citrus-flavored sodas contain relatively high amounts of citrate, a compound which is known to inhibit the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones. Some people are at a higher risk for kidney stones because their urine contains low levels of citrate, so these sodas might serve as a form of citrate supplementation Although dark colas have little or no citrate, citrus-flavored sodas such as Diet Sunkist Orange, Diet 7Up, Sprite Zero, Diet Canada Dry Ginger Ale, Sierra Mist Free, Diet Orange Crush, Fresca, and Diet Mountain Dew, contain moderate amounts of citrate.
Potassium citrate supplements have long been used as a treatment for preventing calcium oxalate kidney stones. Based on this new research, citrus-flavored sodas might be useful in preventing kidney stones among people with low urinary levels of citrate, as well. However, further research is needed to determine whether drinking these sodas actually prevents formation of kidney stones, so it is still too early to advise those who suffer from kidney stones to drink these sodas as a form of preventive treatment.
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Do you know that irritable bowel syndrome diet is the best and most effective way of dealing with the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that affects around ten to twenty percent of the population in the US alone? Seventy percent of this ten to twenty percent are said to be women. The irritable bowel syndrome is manifested by different symptoms including constipation, explosive diarrhea, and abdominal pain, among others. If you want to learn more about the irritable bowel syndrome diet, continue reading this article.
The irritable bowel syndrome is manifested mainly by two symptoms: constipation and diarrhea which is caused by the freezing up or by the spastic colon contraction respectively. Because these two symptoms are related or associated to the food we eat, why not treat them through the food we eat using the irritable bowel syndrome diet. This diet involves reduction or elimination of foods considered as irritants or stimulants such as coffee, chocolate, alcohol, carbonated drinks, and caffeine. These foods are known to either stimulate or irritate the GI tract – two main reasons for an IBS attack. Because there is no specific cure for IBS, the best way to deal with it is through irritable bowel syndrome diet which deals more with choosing healthier foods so as to reduce the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
The irritable bowel syndrome diet is also about eating smaller portions frequently each day. This means that instead of eating 3 meals a day, try making it 5 or 6 but with smaller portions. It’s just dividing the amount of food you eat in your regular meals and eating them at different times. Keep in mind that large, fat-filled meals can only irritate your stomach, thereby causing diarrhea, stomach pain, or constipation. Conscientious and healthy eating is the main goal of the irritable bowel syndrome diet. Vegetables, fruits, lean meat, as well as whole grain breads can help your stomach and intestinal tract stay balanced so you will not experience flare-ups.
Doctors and healthcare providers recommend the addition of fiber to your irritable bowel syndrome diet because fibers are good in reducing the irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. You can add peaches, apples, carrots, broccoli, peas, cabbage, lima and kidney beans, cereals, and whole grain breads to your irritable bowel syndrome diet and eat them with an empty stomach to make sure you can reduce the IBS symptoms. Not a lot of people think that IBS diet is simple and easy, but they are wrong because simply by knowing what you should and shouldn’t eat, reducing the IBS symptoms as well as identifying the IBS triggers is just a breeze.
In essence, healthy eating is the secret to successful irritable bowel syndrome diet. If you keep yourself disciplined and make the effort to stay away from the foods that trigger IBS and to keep close to healthy, small-portioned, and low-fat foods, then expect to significantly reduce your IBS syndromes. Of course, it doesn’t mean you have to deprive yourself of what you want. You can still eat SOME of them. It’s just a matter of choice because in the end, your health is still dependent on how you manage it.
This chapter only concentrates on diet for type 1 and type 2 diabetics. Refer to Gestational Diabetes Diet for information on diet modification in gestational (pregnancy) diabetes. Diabetes diet is equally important for both types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes diet is more specific in timing of meals, because it closely interrelates with the timing of administering insulin injection to prevent hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia. The time when to inject insulin depends on the type of insulin and its acting time: short-acting, long-acting or biphasic.
Type 2 diabetes diet is one single measure how to control type-2 diabetes. Eating the right food, in the right amounts and at the right time prevents peaks in blood glucose levels and optimizes glucose control.
There is no one single special diet for people with diabetes.
It is generally advised to eat a healthy balanced diet low in fat, sugar and salt, and high in fibre, fruit and vegetables.
It is recommended:
? To eat regular smaller meals and snacks rather than few big meals a day, or skipping a meals, for example breakfast.
? To reduce intake of unhealthy fat, especially unhealthy saturated fat such as oils found in fried foods, fast foods, cakes, pastries and pies.
? To choose low-fat dairy products.
? To replace intake of sugars with high glycaemic index (chocolate, chocolate bars, sweets, biscuits) for sugars with low glycaemic index such as starchy sugars – starchy carbohydrates (pulses, beans, lentils, pasta).
? To add dissolvable fibre found in cereal meals, wholemeal.
? To avoid adding extra salt to meals.
? To add fruit and vegetables to your meals, 5-a-day recommendation.
? To drink plenty of fluids in small amounts throughout the day.
? To check your intake of alcohol units per day/week and avoid binge drinking (alcohol increases levels of fats)
An animated video from the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) that brings four headline messages to the world from the global diabetes community: Diabetes is a major threat to human security; the global failure to invest in diabetes has led to the current crisis; the news is bad but we have the solutions; diabetes affects everyone and requires a collective response. Learn more at www.idf.org.
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