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Article by Toni Broshears
Children who are mentally challenged often do not see the world in the same way that the majority does. Communication can be difficult, if not downright frustrating, for parties who are seeking a way to connect but do not know how. Music is the great equalizer, in many areas as well as this. It can be an excellent way to reach out to those children who suffer from mental challenges.
Babies with Down syndrome, for example, are eager to communicate. Before they can speak, they work with nonverbal forms of communication such as sounds as gestures to reach out to loved ones. Just like children without mental challenges, Babies with Down syndrome are able to comprehend and learn how to speak. However, they often struggle in the formation of words due to poor muscle control. It typically takes a child with Down syndrome about twelve months longer than a child who does not suffer from any challenges to learn to form words.
Music can be used to encourage this marriage between communication and better motor skills. Children with Down syndrome often respond to the rhythm and form of music and words. Encouraging a child with Down syndrome to listen to music with words might encourage him to find the rhythm that will help him feel more comfortable with forming words a bit faster. However, it is important to remember that children with Down syndrome often struggle with hearing loss as well. In these cases, the act of providing music with a rhythm that can be felt as well as heard can stimulate the child.
In terms of cognitive development, music can make a big difference. For children with Down syndrome, learning simple things such as a playing with toys typically takes longer than it would for children without a learning disability. Evidence has shown that memory games can help the child with Down syndrome improve both his short term and visual memory.
To create a memory game using music, teach the child with Down’s syndrome a simple and memorable song. Using a tiny piano, showing the child how to go up and down the keys and form different songs such as “Mary Had a Little Lamb”. This may inspire him to want to imitate the sounds he is hearing. The challenge of playing with an instrument will teach the child how to explore and discover new things.
One of the other areas where children with Down syndrome fall behind is through the use of their motor skills. It can be a real challenge for one of these children to do something as simple as grasping a spoon to eat. Using music to help develop these motor skills can be a helpful and less frustrating experience, since music is something that would most likely be considered play.
Using an instrument such as a collection of jingle bells or a tambourine, try showing the child how to hold and shake the instrument to make noise. The desire to recreate the sound of the instrument will help to encourage the child to try harder to grasp the object. Once this is mastered, using an instrument like drums – which requires a two handed coordination and the grasp of two tiny sticks – can be a fun challenge for the child with Down syndrome.
Ultimately, music is an excellent way to communicate and inspire those children who suffer from mental challenges. As music is fun and bright, it can seem like less work and more play for the child to experience music as a learning device. This type of motivation can work wonders in inspiring a mentally challenged child to learn.
Article by Vijay K Shetty
Sometimes we come across children who have deformed organs or abnormally shaped head. We throw at them a glance of pity and in our minds thank god for blessing us with happiness. While there are many treatments for Down syndrome, Down syndrome is not a condition that can be cured.There are some therapies which can help to deal with this. The goal of medicinal treatments is to deal with physical, medical and cognitive problems with Down syndrome. This is the most common cause of mental retardation and malformation in a newborn and occurs because of the presence of an extra 21st chromosome.The symptoms include decreased muscle tone at birth, odd-shaped skull, and small mouth, protruding tongue and upward slanting eyes. There are medical treatments like anti-seizure treatments for those suffering from seizures. While some cases can get fixed by themselves with time, others require surgery, like heart defects, intestinal defects, etc.Children born with this syndrome can be helped with early interventions. This is a program of therapies, exercises and activities designed to help children the most common early intervention services for babies with Down syndrome are physical therapy and speech therapy.The goal of physical therapy is to teach children to move their bodies and improve their muscle tone, in order to prevent them from developing posture problems, etc. Speech therapy is an important treatment and can help children by making use of sign language and dealing with articulation problem.Many people with Down syndrome now live independent from their families in assisted living situations or group homes. For them to have to make that transition there need to be professionals and specialists who can help, understand and aid them in this act.Older individuals suffering with Down syndrome suffer depression and need help groups of people having the same condition, and sharing their experiences as to how to cope with it.In the United States, one out of every 750 births is a case of Down syndrome. This happens when one of the parents contributes an extra chromosome, which causes the deformities and defects related to Down syndrome. As the age of a woman increases, the risk of having a child with this problem also increases.Regular check-ups, medication and surgery are a regular part of treatment for Down syndrome. People with Down syndrome are faced with a great number of challenges in life, starting at birth. These treatments and medications are strongly focussed on increasing intelligence and improving health conditions and abilities in those suffering from Down syndrome.
Down syndrome is a physical and mental condition which results when a person develops extra chromosomes 21 or what is commonly known as Trisomy 21. It is also considered as one of the main causes of cognitive impairment. This is associated with a kids poor, mild and moderate learning abilities which is why most parents who have kids that are suffering from this condition would do anything to get Down syndrome help. Most of the kids who have this kind of condition have similar physical feature which is why it is important to get help so you would know what to do with your kids.
Here are some of the tips that you could get in dealing with a child who has Down syndrome:
Pregnant women should have prenatal screening so they would be able to become aware of the signs if the fetus has Down syndrome or not. There are two types of prenatal screening although this might be considered easy but it cannot provide you with a definite result whether or not the fetus has down syndrome or not. The other type of test is called the diagnostic test would let the doctor and the parents know whether or not the fetus really has this type of condition, they are even regarded s ninety nine percent accurate. The only thing that prevents most couples in performing this type of test is that they are scared of the possibility of miscarriage and complications since by doing the test, it has to be performed inside the pregnant woman’s uterus.
You need to get help. As much as you want to take care of this matter by yourself, it would still be best if you ask help from people who have already dealt with this condition. Parents who have kids with Down syndrome would definitely share their experiences when it comes to raising and taking care of kids with Down syndrome. There are different schools and other institutions which specialize in teaching kids who have this particular condition. It would be best to have your kids go to these schools and institutions because the therapists in these places are trained to help your kids and help them improve their learning abilities. You must look for schools and institutions who offer specialized services if there are things that you want your child to focus on like developing his or her speech.
It is really important to look for Down syndrome help so you would be able to know the things that should and should not be done in taking care and raising a kid who is suffering from this condition. Getting help from people who are experienced with this condition could really help you and your kid as well.
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The term Down syndrome can be defined as one kind of disorder from which a child carries come extra genetic elements. Resulting of this carrying of extra genetic material in a childs chromosome the child grows in an abnormal way into the mothers womb. This type of abnormal growth can happen during the time of cell division in the early stage of conception. The most regretting phenomena about this Down syndrome is, doctors and researchers have not found the causes and are not able yet to cure this syndrome.
Down syndrome can be divided into tree common types. Trisomy 21 is one of the very common forms among them. When a child contains an extra chromosome 21, then the syndrome is called as Trisomy 21. Ninety Five percent of children, who are born with Down syndrome, are actually suffering from trisomy 21 syndrome. Instead of having 46 chromosomes in the child body it may contain 47 chromosomes, and this situation is called trisomy 21.
Another form is also may be seen with 3-4% children who are suffering from Down syndrome called Translocation. In this case the 21 chromosome gets broken and attached with any other by changing the normal formation. Under this form the child has 46 chromosomes in its each cell but they carry an extra part of chromosome due to breaking of the 21 chromosome.
Mosaicism is another form of Down syndrome. But it is very unusual. In this case the some of the cell may contain 46 chromosomes and some contain 47 as like as trisomy 21. This mixed form is known as Mosaicism.
Whatever, though there are no effective treatments available for Down syndrome but every one should have common knowledge about it. Keep in mind that, the last form Mosaicism is not as dangerous as the other two forms.
See the wonderful abilities and potential of people with Down syndrome. From infancy to adulthood, this 2008 video showcases individuals with Down syndrome living their lives to the fullest and doing things “not thought possible” — using sign language, swimming, giving a school report, dancing, gossiping, holding a job and giving a speech. Made especially for new parents of a child with Down syndrome, this is for anyone who wants a current, accurate look at Down syndrome today. Produced by the Down Syndrome Association of Central Texas, dsact.com.
Did Your Child Suffer As A Result of Undiagnosed Down Syndrome? Contact an Undiagnosed Down Lawyer in New York
Article by Paul Justice
Did you know that 75-80% of Down syndrome children are born to women over the age of 35? Down syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal disorders. It occurs one in every 675 births. Children with Down syndrome also have other hidden disorders that could possibly affect the heart, and intestines. People with Down syndrome have been found to develop Alzheimer’s disease at an alarmingly earlier rate than people without down syndrome. Even scarier, people who are diagnosed with Down syndrome have a 10-20 times higher rate of being diagnosed with Leukemia. These reasons alone give you reason to contact an undiagnosed down lawyer in New York if your child has suffered through years of undiagnosed Down syndrome.
Down syndrome is an inherited disorder in which the baby has an extra 21st chromosome. The most common indications of Down syndrome are a broad face, a large tongue, and a shorter than average height. Right now there is no treatment for Down syndrome so the best way to detect it is through prenatal testing. Many cases have slipped through the cracks and have gone diagnosed for years, if you or a loved has been affected contact an undiagnosed down lawyer in New York. They can help you get what you deserve.
In the past few years Down syndrome has been found to be able to be detected in two main ways; through ultrasounds during the mother’s pregnancy and also through testing of the amniotic fluid. The reasons for these tests are to find out if the baby has Down syndrome. If Down syndrome goes undiagnosed it can become very costly, and can be overlooked for years after the child is born. Also, because children with Down syndrome are more likely to be diagnosed with Leukemia or Alzheimer’s Disease your child may not have had the proper testing to verify whether or not your child may have other underlying ailments. Contact an undiagnosed Down syndrome lawyer in New York today if your child has gone undiagnosed.
The ultrasound method of testing for Down syndrome has been proven to be 60% effective, but many mothers do not chose to get an ultrasound in fear that it may hurt the baby, or because they are scared of what the results may show. The test of the amniotic fluid, Amniocentesis, is the most common Down syndrome test procedure done on pregnant women. It is 99% reliable and is done between the third and fourth month of pregnancy. During this procedure a small amount of amniotic fluid is removed from the amniotic sac with a needle and is tested, besides testing for Down syndrome it also tests for other types of birth defects. Amniocentesis does come with the slight risk of miscarriage, but the risk is a less that one percent.
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Babies with Down Syndrome, the trustworthy guide which has benefited thousands of families since it was first published in 1985, is completely revised and updated in a new, third edition. Covering the best practices for raising and caring for children with Down syndrome through age five, this book is invaluable to new parents who have welcomed a baby with Down syndrome into their lives.
This new edition incorporates the latest scientific, medical, educational research, and practical information available, as well as parents' suggestions and feedback. Existing chapters have been revised, some completely rewritten by new authors, and in keeping with its parent-friendly reputation, most of the book's contributors are parents of children with Down syndrome. Chapters cover:
What Is Down Syndrome?: A primer on the causes, characteristics, and diagnosis, including the latest information on genetics and prenatal testing;
Adjusting to Your Baby: Advice from an experienced mother on coping with common emotions and announcing the news to friends and family;
Medical Concerns & Treatments: An overview of possible health issues including celiac disease, sleep apnea, diabetes, reflux, and skin problems, with an emphasis on detecting signs early for needed treatment;
Daily Care: The gamut of care from feeding to bathing, with expanded information about toilet training;
Family Life: The impact on siblings and couples, discipline issues, and new material to help everyone understand that a child s behavior is a form of communication;
Development & Learning: Expectations about development plus new material on variability in development, learning styles, using reading to develop language, memory strengths and weaknesses, and using play to encourage learning;
Early Intervention: An overview of services and therapies for babies & toddlers with new information on the transdisciplinary approach, providing services in the natural environment, transitioning to preschool, and common questions & answers;
Legal Rights & Financial Issues: Explains your child's educational and legal rights, and financial information, including the latest on federal education and civil rights laws, sources of financial assistance, health insurance, trusts, and guardianship.
Full of new photos, parent statements, updated and expanded resources and reading lists, and a reprint of the inspiring essay, Welcome to Holland, this guide is everything parents need to build a bright and healthy future for their child with Down syndrome.
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Article by Brenda Williams
How much do you really know about Down Syndrome? This disorder was first described in the world of science in 1866 by the British doctor, John Langdon Down. The condition occurs when there is a 21st chromosome present in the body. That is why this disorder is also referred to as trisomy 21. Down syndrome is identified in during pregnancy or at the time of birth with amniocentesis. It causes impairments of cognitive ability and physical growth as well as facial appearances. People with down syndrome have lower than normal cognitive abilities that range from mild to moderate developmental disabilities. Down syndrome occurs anywhere from 1 per 800 to 1,000 births. The numbers presented are heavily influenced by the age of the mother at the time of the pregnancy and the birth. There is no known cure for Down Syndrome but education and proper care can and will most likely improve the quality of life for the patient.
The characteristics of Down Syndrome includes white spots on the iris, a short tongue, a single palmar fold, oblique eye fissures, poor muscle tone, a flat nose, a short neck and congenital heart defects. Down Syndrome can occur in every ethnic background and across all economic classes. There are close to 5,500 new cases of Down Syndrome each year with 95 percent of the cases being trisomy 21. As mentioned earlier, the age of the mother at the time of the pregnancy can determine whether or not the baby will have Down Syndrome. Women between the ages of 20 to 24, the chance of having a Down Syndrome baby is one in 1,562. Women between the ages of 35 to 39, the chance of having a Down Syndrome baby is one in 214. Above the age of 45 the chance is one in 19 of having a Down Syndrome baby. Studies have revealed that 80 percent of all babies with Down Syndrome are born to women under the age of 35.
There are a variety of different prenatal screenings that can be done during the pregnancy to determine if the child will be born with Down Syndrome. Those screenings are amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, and percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling. Genetic screenings are performed on pregnant women between the ages of 30 and 35. The life expectancy of people with down syndrome as of 2002 is 49 years. The life expectancy used to be 25 years back in 1980. As the patient with Down Syndrome begins to age the cause of death is most commonly neurodegenerative diseases and most people with Down Syndrome begin to develop an Alzheimer?s-like dementia in their 40s and 50s.
Some famous cases of Down Syndrome include Johnny Stallings, the son of former University of Alabama head football coach Gene Stallings. Johnny is also the subject of the book Another Season: A Coach?s Story of Raising an Exceptional Son. Another famous case is Chris Burke, the actor that portrayed Corky Thatcher on the show ?Life Goes On? as well as the character Taylor on ?Touched by an Angel.?
Many people live with Down Syndrome every day.
Scientists have known for some time that Down Syndrome, the most common chromosomal abnormality, is caused by an additional chromosome #21. However, new fetal stem cell research is demonstrating that it is not only the presence of this additional chromosome, but also what the genes are missing, that may impede the development of a Down Syndrome brain.All 50 Secrets of the Sequence videos have an accompanying classroom-tested lesson that encourages students to further explore the video topics. Each lesson includes background information, state and national science standards, discussion questions and answers, teacher notes and an activity that will ensure a hands-on, “minds-on” experience. To see lessons for this series, visit www.pubinfo.vcu.edu