Article by Mark Tucson
The signs and symptoms of adult diabetes are signs and symptoms that needs to be recognized. Realizing an indicator or sign for diabetes is essential because diabetes is a disorder that could be existence-threatening. Diabetes is really a disease where high amounts of sugar within the bloodstream exist, developing a symptom or sign for diabetes. Diabetes could be triggered by not enough blood insulin in your body, through the lack of ability to make use of blood insulin or these two. Blood insulin is really a hormone created through the pancreas to manage bloodstream sugar levels. About 17 million persons in the united states are afflicted by signs and symptoms of adult diabetes.
Diabetes Everett contain three primary types:
* Your Body – is generally identified in early childhood. Your body makes very little if any blood insulin, and daily injections of blood insulin are needed to maintain the individual alive.
* Diabetes Type 2 – makes up about about 90% of cases of diabetes in most cases happens in grown ups. The pancreas don’t make enough blood insulin to maintain bloodstream blood sugar levels normal, frequently since the body doesn’t make use of the blood insulin created perfectly. Signs and symptoms of adult diabetes and Diabetes type 2 has become more prevalent using the growing quantity of seniors People in america, using the failure to exercise and growing weight problems rates.
* Gestational Diabetes – is high bloodstream glucose that evolves throughout pregnancy inside a lady who doesn’t have diabetes.
Listed here are the most typical Type 2 signs and symptoms of adult Everett diabetes:
1. Blurred Vision
3. Impotence In Males
4. Elevated Appetite
5. Elevated Thirst
6. Infections That Heal Gradually
7. More Frequent Peeing
So how exactly does one determine if signs and symptoms of adult diabetes which are being experienced are really showing diabetes? The easiest way would be to perform a bloodstream test known as the fasting bloodstream glucose level test. Diabetes is identified if the test shows bloodstream glucose is greater than 126 mg/dL on two different tests. If levels are between 100 and 126 mg/dL, this problem is going to be known to as impaired fasting glucose or pre diabetes and should be thought about a risk factor for Diabetes type 2.
Exactly what does one make an effort to do for backing bloodstream sugar levels and diabetes? While there’s no remedy for diabetes, the immediate objectives will be to stabilize bloodstream sugar and eliminate any symptom or sign for diabetes and high bloodstream sugar. Lengthy-term, the goals of treatment will be to prolong ones existence, to alleviate signs and symptoms of adult diabetes and stop lengthy-term complications that could result for example cardiovascular disease and kidney failure.
You aren’t signs and symptoms of adult Everett diabetic should work carefully using their physician to maintain bloodstream sugar levels within acceptable ranges. Additionally, the greater you realize an indicator or sign for diabetes and just how to deal with it, the greater positive you are able to become for making change in lifestyle which will enhance your health. Besides dental medicines, the good thing is that Diabetes type 2 may react to treatment with exercise, diet enhancements and weight loss.To know more about diabetes, its symptoms and its cures you can simply log on to: http://www.diabeteseverett.com
Guillain-Barre syndrome, also known as acute idiopathic polyneuritis, is an autoimmune disorder that targets the body’s nervous system. In Guillain-Barre syndrome, the immune system mistakenly targets the nerves surrounding the brain and spinal cord, according to New York University. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, Guillain-Barre syndrome is very rare, occurring at rates lower than two out of every 100,000 people. The symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome include muscle weakness, pain, and difficulty walking.
The causes of Guillain-Barre syndrome remain elusive. The Mayo Clinic outlines certain risk factors which are sometimes associated with the disorder. More than half of people with Guillain-Barre syndrome were suffering from a lung or digestive infection in the immediate time before becoming afflicted. However, Guillain-Barre syndrome occurs in only a small fraction of such cases. It has also been observed after catching various other viruses including Epstein-Barr, mono, HIV, and the herpes virus.
The symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome are severe and can develop rapidly. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, the condition can take anywhere between a matter of hours and a matter of weeks to develop. Muscles become weak, bordering on paralysis. Early symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome include pain that is often concentrated in the lower back, weakness and numbness in the legs, and trouble walking. As the condition progresses, this loss of muscle function spreads throughout the limbs and muscle reflexes are impaired.
In most cases, the worst symptoms of Guillain-Barre syndrome develop after a couple of weeks. The worst cases can cause near total paralysis, difficulty breathing, reduced heart rate, and falling blood pressure. The condition is very dangerous and medical attention should be sought immediately when these symptoms appear.
Treatments for Guillain-Barre syndrome vary depending on the severity of the case and the medical history of the patient. According to the Hershey Medical Center at Penn State University, plasmaphersis, a treatment involving filtering of the blood, is a common intervention. Physical therapy can also be effective in patients who develop paralysis. The University of Chicago reports that the outlook of Guillain-Barre syndrome is actually fairly positive. Most people who develop the condition wind up experiencing a full recovery within a matter of months, though some can take years to fully recover.
Guillain-Barre syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that strikes the nervous system. Muscle function and feeling can become impaired, even resulting in borderline paralysis in the worst cases. The condition can develop rapidly, sometimes presenting its most paralyzing symptoms within mere hours. Talk to your doctor about any questions about Guillain-Barre syndrome, the conditions associated with its development, its symptoms, and treatments for the condition.
Diabetes is a potentially life-threatening, medical condition that affects millions of people around the world, young and old alike. What makes it all the more ominous, is that diabetes progresses in an extremely slow, silent, and stealthy manner, and lies dormant and undetected until it is too late.
Unfortunately, most people who display one or more symptoms of diabetes either ignore the early tell-tale signs of this deadly, medical condition by attributing them to other medical issues, or are unaware of the serious harm it can cause to their overall health.
The Price Of Neglect
Unfortunately, a significant number of those who are advised to seek medical intervention when diagnosed with diabetes – based on one or more of its common symptoms – usually fail to heed such advice, and tend to brush aside further medical intervention to control it. It is precisely these people who pay a heavy price – physically, emotionally and economically, as their general health condition worsens with the silent, progressive march of diabetes.
Swift Action Can Help
You’ll be well advised never to lose sight of the fact that diabetes is controllable … but NOT curable. This is a lifelong AND life-threatening, health condition that must not be ignored in any circumstances. Therefore, as soon as you experience one or more of the symptoms of diabetes, don’t put them on the back-burner, seek medical diagnosis … immediately! By acting swiftly and responsibly, you can and will enjoy a normal, healthy lifestyle, irrespective of whether you are diagnosed with diabetes, or not.
Of course, if you aren’t too familiar with the symptoms of diabetes, here are the unlucky 7 of the most common ones. These have proven, more often than not, to be the early warning signs of this dreadful, health condition.
1. Abnormal Pangs Of Hunger
This is one of the common symptoms of diabetes which usually occurs when cells receive inadequate amounts of energy to process the vital functions of the body owing to insulin deficiency. When cells are starved of energy, they express this hunger for energy by transmitting signals to the specific area of the brain which in turn, makes a diabetic constantly hungry. With lack of insulin, the cells cannot extract glucose from food consumed, and this is what leads to the abnormal pangs of hunger.
2. High Urination Frequency
This is another of the 8 common symptoms of diabetes. It is caused by the increased levels of sugar in the blood that, in turn, increases the frequency of urination. What follows is an increased level of blood flow through the kidneys of the diabetic patient. Although frequency of urination increases as one gets older, it must still be diagnosed, if the underlying cause is determined as, or is indicative of, diabetes.
3. Excessively High Thirst
This is one of the symptoms of diabetes that most people diagnosed with this health condition experience. Unquenchable thirst is usually experienced while the kidneys of the diabetic extract more levels of water from the body, which the latter continuously demands to restock.
4. Inordinate Weight Loss
The inability of cells to extract energy from food, owing to insulin deficiency, starves the body of the adequate amount of energy needed for maintaining normal weight. The lowered energy intake results in breakdown of fat mass and muscle which, in turn, leads to unexplained, sudden or inordinate weight loss.
5. Constant Fatigue
Complete exhaustion or even constant fatigue with minimum exertion or routine work, can be attributed to the decreased levels of energy in a diabetic. This is also one of the many symptoms of diabetes.
6. Tingling Or Numbness In Extremities
This is another one of the many symptoms of diabetes whereby a tingling sensation or numbness is experienced in the extremities of the diabetic sufferer. Tingling or numbness is usually felt in the feet (toes); legs; hands (fingers); or arms
7. Blurred Or Impaired Vision
This is one of the symptoms of diabetes that, if untreated, can lead to complete blindness. It occurs when increased levels of blood flow to the retina of the eye, resulting in swollen eye lenses. As a result, the diabetic can experience blurred or impaired vision.
If you experience any of the above “unlucky 7” symptoms of diabetes, DO NOT hesitate to get yourself tested … the sooner, the better for you.
Always consult your doctor before using this information.
This Article is nutritional in nature and is not to be construed as medical advice.
David Cowley has created numerous articles on diabetes. He has also created a Web Site dedicated to diabetes and how to treat them. Visit http://www.diabetes-team.com
Article by alice rose
It has been revealed in recent research and survey that a heart attack is the number one killer disease among women. Every year, large numbers of women loose their life due to these conditions. Most often women do not recognize this condition until they are subjected to the severe attack. There are different causes of attack, that’s why it becomes a leading killer for both men in women. But nowadays, there are excellent treatments that can save lives and present disabilities. The question is what causes heart attacks? And how can we avoid it? Is there any special procedure that we can do to avoid it?
Evaluation by a physician is necessary to determine which heart disease treatment is appropriate, assuming any treatment at all is needed. Self-diagnosis or self-treatment of chest pain is never appropriate. Never forget that a heart attack does permanent damage to the muscle of the heart. Many women die before receiving medical attention. Their symptoms may have been absent, too sudden, or had not been diagnosed previously. Also, most women are not aware that they have heart problem.
The typical signs of heart attack they have learned to recognize don’t match with the symptoms they are having or heart attack has mostly been seen as a “man’s” affliction (in spite of statistics stating otherwise); They are too preoccupied with other things – such as running errands, caring for children, or working at their place of employment. Heart attack symptoms can be understated especially with people who are suffering from other health complications such as diabetes.
For example, the common symptoms of a heart attack are not the same as diabetes such as the deep chest pains. You could also argue that women who experience pains in their chest may also not be the common symptoms of a heart attack. Children who have one or more parent with heart disease are at risk for developing it themselves. African Americans tend to suffer more from extreme high blood pressure than Caucasians, therefore increasing their chances for heart disease and heart attacks.
Silent heart attacks can happen especially to those with prior heart attacks and who have diabetes and are over the age of 65 and those prone to strokes. The symptoms of a silent heart attack can be vague and mild but one must remember that they can be just as serious and life threatening as heart attacks with a severe chest pain.
Article by Oscar Orihuela
Panic Heart Attack Symptoms
Often times people end up going to a hospital thinking they are suffering a heart attack when in reality they are suffering a panic attack. The symptoms of a panic attack are very much alike the symptoms of a heart attack. In this article I will cover the symptoms of a panic attack and the symptoms of a heart attack.
Heart attack symptoms vary and are very similar to the symptoms of a panic attack. These symptoms are uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing(tightening) and pain of the chest lasting for a few minutes. Pain also spreads to the shoulders arms or neck. The pain intensity might be mild to intense. It can feel like tightness, burning, pressure or heavy weight. It is usually located on your torso area around your upper abdomen, chest, jaw, neck, and the insides or your arms and shoulders.
Other heart attack symptoms include anxiety and nervousness with cold sweaty skin. Your skin color could turn pale. Your heart rate increased or becomes an irregular heart beat. You also get the feeling of impending doom which is brought on by the onset of these symptoms. Do note that not all these symptoms occur during a heart attack. You may have one, or several of them combined.
Panic attack symptoms are similar to heart attack symptoms. The panic attack symptoms can include racing or pounding of heart known as palpitations, chest pains, upset stomach, dizziness, nausea, you can experience difficulty in breathing. Hot chills and flashes are also common panic attack symptoms. A sense of terror, a feeling that you must escape your surroundings, a fear of losing control and fear of dying are common panic attack symptoms.
These panic attack symptoms also last for a couple of minutes and due to their intensity can easily be confused with the symptoms of a heart attack. Typically people who have panic attacks don’t know they are having one. They assume they are having a heart attack and go to the hospital. The hospital can likely diagnose it as a heart attack because the symptoms are so similar. Also, people who suffer from panic attacks are likely to have several throughout the year.
These panic attack can be brought on by post traumatic disorders, intoxication, and withdrawal from medications or drugs. However, most panic attacks are brought on by stress and anxieties that one goes through every day activities.
Going to the hospital due to a panic attack can lead to very expensive medical bills. You don’t have to suffer anymore from panic attacks. There are safe cures that you can purchase on the Internet that can treat your panic attacks and make them go away for good. The best product that on the market right now that treat and keeps panic attacks from occurring again is known as Panic Away. You can find it right here: Panic Away
“Is frequent urination a sign of diabetes?” I asked Julie.
“Yes it is,” She replied.
But frequent urination is not the only sign. There are many other signs of diabetes that you should watch out for.
It was 3pm when Julie finished the 12 symptoms of diabetes. Immediately I summarized them.
So here they are. The 12 sign of diabetes:
1) Recurring infection plus scratch/dry skin. This sign of diabetes is the outcome of the poor blood circulation and high blood glucose level.
2) Gum (periodontal) disease. Experiencing pain whenever chewing food is a sign of diabetes. For those with more serious gum problems, this may even lead to teeth loss.
To treat gum disease, diabetics must work on controlling the diabetic condition.
Gum disease is the result of too much glucose in the blood, which damages oral health.
3) Hair thinning or loss of hair. Because of the diabetic condition, lost hair are not replaced as readily as someone without the disease.
4) Tingling and numbness in hands and feet. This condition is known as neuropathy. Usually this condition surfaces only when the increasing sugar in blood has damaged the nervous system. This sign of diabetes usually surface at a later time.
5) Itches and sores around the genital area. Often, this can be misdiagnosed as Vaginal thrush, candidacies or yeast infection. However, this sign of diabetes is due to too much sugar content in the urine.
To be on the safer side, for those previously diagnosed to have vaginal thrush, candidacies or yeast infection, my advice is to seek another medical opinion just to confirm.”
6) Frequent urination. As the kidney cannot absorb the sugar (glucose), the only way to remove the high sugar content in blood is to purge them into the urine. Since the urine is carrier for these glucose, more is produced in order to cater for the increasing sugar content. And therefore diabetes find themselves visiting the toilet as high as once every 60 minutes. This is usually the 1st sign of diabetes.
7) Always thirsty. Even during cool season, and diabetics involving only in light activities, they tend to get thirsty easily despite drinking plenty of water. This is because of the large amount of fluid loss through urine so as to flush out the glucose.
Dehydration as a result of frequent urination causes diabetics to get thirsty often.
Dry mouth. This is one of the more obvious sign of diabetes. Again, this is closely linked to the loss of fluid – the direct result of frequent urination. Dehydration leading to insufficient saliva to moist the mouth.
9) Feel tired and weak all the time. No matter how much diabetics rest, they are also lethargic. They are always low in energy, because diabetics lose some of the glucose (energy) during urination.
10) Gain or lose weight unexpectedly. Unexpected weight loss could be due to dehydration – a direct consequence of frequent urination. Also it can be due to breakdown of muscle as a result of high glucose content. Either way, these are sign of diabetes.
While unexpected weight loss is not a good sign, so is weight gain. Resistance to insulin promotes fat storage, and this means that glucose cannot be absorbed by the body for use as energy.
11) Blur vision. Pre-diabetics tend to overlook this. Seldom do they suspect this as a sign of diabetes. This can be a serious problem as unclear vision untreated eyes problem (due to diabetes) can lead to blindness.
12) Slow healing cuts and bruises. Diabetics take longer to heal compare to non-diabetics. This is more obvious for wounds and cuts on the feet due to poorer circulation.
While these 12 sign of diabetes are what diabetics’ experience, they are not exhaustive list of diabetes symptoms. Every individual is unique and may not experience these symptoms at all. My suggestion, as always, is to seek professional medical advice early if unwell. Doing so can avoid medical complication at the later stage.
Article by Ann Stewart
Over the years doctors were not able to clearly diagnose impending heart attacks in women. This was mainly due to their symptoms are not the same as those of men. They were often diagnosed with anxiety or panic attacks, only to experience more severe heart attacks at a later date.
Heart attacks are caused by blockages in the coronary arteries. The symptoms of most heart attacks in men are severe chest pain, nausea, shortness of breath, the numbing of the left arm, or a feeling of impending doom.
Symptoms of heart attacks in women include:
- Shortness of breath- Pain in the abdomen, in the back, in the jaw or in the throat – A sensation of uneasiness or feeling “sick” that is difficult to describe
Many women die before receiving medical attention. Their symptoms may have been absent, too sudden, or had not been diagnosed previously. Also, most women are not aware that they have heart problem.
Although heart attacks are more frequent in menopausal women, the incidence in pre-menopausal group has been growing.
Possible reasons for the higher mortality in women may be due to the use of hormone replacement therapy, the higher rates of depression among women, and more cardiac damage with heart attacks in women than in men.
The main identified causes of heart attacks in women are:
” Excessive sugar intake is the number one risk factor for heart attacks in women” Excessive animal fat intake is the number two risk factor” High blood pressure” Smoking accounts for the vast majority of heart attacks in women under 45 and those with family histories of heart disease” Calcium supplements cause a significant increase in heart attacks especially in older women despite benefits for bones! ” Obesity, especially in the stomach area” Blockages in small arteries deep in a woman’s body ” Clots in blood vessels of the heart and brain” Anxiety” Mental stress” Sleep disturbances” Arteriosclerosis, the thickening of the arteries (previously termed hardening of the arteries)” Unusual fatigue
It must be noted here that estrogen is a major culprit. It raises blood pressure (one of the top three reasons for heart attacks in women), increases triglycerides, promotes clotting (a leading cause of heart attacks), and raises levels of C-reactive protein (causing inflammation associated with heart disease)
There is good news, however! Doctors estimate that about half of all heart attacks in women stem from treatable factors (as opposed to non-treatable factors such as heredity and age):
” Enough vitamin B6 reduces heart attacks by 70%. Its “pandemic” deficiency in Western cultures is the prime cause of heart attacks, and supplements of it as the key to avoiding and curing heart disease” Walking can not only significantly reduce the risk. Women who walked a total of three hours per week or who exercised vigorously for at least 90 minutes a week had one third fewer heart attacks than women who got no exercise” The fats in nuts have been linked to a reduced risk of heart attacks” Eating one serving a day of whole-grain foods reduced heart attacks by 34 percent in another study of 34,000 postmenopausal women.
Furthermore, drinking coffee does not increase the risk.A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine reveals that low dose aspirin therapy does not have the same benefits for women as it does for men.
Find More Heart Attacks Articles
The Anus is the terminal part of the large intestine, after the rectum, through which fecal matter is eliminated from the organism. The anus is partially made up of the external skin layer and partially from the intestine. Two muscles shaped as rings, known as the sphincter muscles, open and close the anal orifice to allow faeces to be eliminated from the organism. The anal channel, i.e. the portion of the anus found between the rectum and the anal orifice, has a length of approximately 1.5 inches ( = 3.75 cm). The skin around the anus is called the perianal area. Certain tumors from around this area may pertain to skin cancer and not necessarily to anal cancer.
The presence of taenia, or the H.P.V. virus is a risk factor for anal cancer.
Risk factors for anal cancer
Age over 50;
The presence of the human papilamathosis virus (HPV);
Multiple sexual partners;
The presence of anal itches;
The presence of anal fistulas (the abnormal connection between two cavities);
Symptoms for anal cancer
Some possible signs of anal cancer are anal or rectum bleeding, as well as one or more bumps near the anus. Please note that these are not necessarily signs for anal cancer, but may indicate some other type of disease, also.
When to consult the doctor
You should get in touch with your doctor when:
You bleed from your anus or rectum;
Feel unjustified pain or pressure in your perianal area;
Experience secretions from your anus;
Feel certain bumps on your skin near the anus;
Have diarrhea or you are constipated.
Investigations for anal cancer
The tests that examine the rectum and the anus are used to find and diagnose anal cancer. The following tests and procedures may be used:
Objective examination and patient’s history (antecedents): a general physical examination for any signs of disease, such as bumps and other unusual aspects; diseases which the patient had and the treatment he has pursued; issues regarding his or her lifestyle, food habits;
The rectal examination (R.E.) is a soft examination of the anus and rectum: the doctor or the nurse, using surgical gloves, introduce a prior-lubricated finger in the rectum and searches for bumps or anything unusual;
The anoscopy is the same as a rectal examination, but this time a short tube is used. The tube has a light bulb at one end, called anoscope;
The proctoscopy is the same as the anoscopy, but this time the tube is called proctoscope;
The echography is a procedure in which an ultrasound transductor is placed into the anus or rectum, allowing the ultrasounds to hit the internal tissues or organs and produce different types of echoes, depending on consistency. The end-result is called “sonogram”;
The biopsy consists of taking a cell or tissue sample to be studied later on microscopically by a pathologist in order to search for signs of cancer. If, during extraction, visible signs of cancer emerge, biopsy can be conducted on the spot.
Medical prognosis for anal cancer
“Medical prognosis” consists of what chances does the patient have for recovery and what are his of her therapeutic options. The chances for recovery depend on the following factors:
The localization of the tumor within the anus;
Whether the cancer has extended or not up to the lymph nodes.
The therapeutic options depend on the following:
Whether the cancer is evolved or not;
The localization of the tumor within the anus;
Whether the patient is infected with the HPV virus or not;
Whether the cancer is recurring (previous signs of cancer have been registered).
The stages of anal cancer
The following stages are used to diagnose anal cancer:
Stage 0 (zero) – The cancer is found on the line of the anus;
Stage I – The tumor has up to 2 cm;
Stage II – The tumor spreads over a distance of more than 2 cm;
Stage IIIA – The tumor may be of any dimension and has extended up to the lymph nodes or to neighbouring organs (e.g. vagina, bladder etc.);
Stage IIIB – The tumor may be of any dimension and has extended to neighbouring organs and lymph nodes.In this stage, your aperture and pelvis are affected by cancer;
Stage IV – The cancer has begun to form metastases throughout your body.
Recurrent anal cancer is also possible, after the completion of a treatment for previous cancer. The recurrent cancer may be nested in the same spot as before or in a completely different one.
Treatment of anal cancer
Patients with anal cancer have various treatment options at their disposal. Some types of treatment are standard (currently used) and some have just begun to be tested in some specialized clinics. Ideally speaking, choosing the type of treatment is carried out by the patient, along with his or her family and doctor. There are three standard-type treatments:
Radiotherapy is a means to treat cancer by using X-rays of high amplitude, or other types of rays that kill cancer cells. There are two types of radiotherapy: external radiotherapy uses a machine that functions outside the body and that sends rays towards the affected area. Internal radiotherapy uses radioactive substances inducted through needles, implants, wires and other such tools inside or around the tumor. The type of radiotherapy applied depends on the type and stage of the patient’s cancer.
Chemotherapy is a means to treat cancer by means of special drugs that stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, or by stopping their multiplication. When these drugs are orally administered or injected into the veins, they enter the bloodstream and thus reach cancer cells all over our body. This is called systemic chemotherapy. Another way to introduce the drugs into the body is by injecting them directly into the spinal cord or other organs. This ensures the effect of the drug only in a specific area of your body. This is called regional chemotherapy. What kind of chemotherapy a patient uses depends on the type of cancer he or she is suffering from.
There a a few ways of conducting surgery in what regards anal cancer:
Local resection. This is a procedure by means of which the tumor is cut from the anus alongside some healthy tissue around it. Local resection can only be applied to small tumors that have not yet spread much. This is usually the first step taken in the case of lower anal cancer;
Abdominal-pelvic resection. This procedure consists of removing the anus, the rectum and a part of the sigmoid colon by means of an incision in the abdomen. The tip of the intestine is shaked so that all fecal matter may be collected afterwards in an external bag. During the intervention, all lymph nodes that contain cancer cells are removed;
The presence of the human papilamathosis virus (HPV) may influence cancer treatment considerably. Also, the HIV virus plays an important role in choosing how to treat anal cancer. Patients with Aids are subjected to much lower chemotherapeutic and radio-therapeutic doses of treatment, because of their weak immune system. Other types or treatments are not standard, but still used in clinical trials. An example is using drugs which render cancer cells more sensible to radiotherapy. After using these drugs, radiotherapy may be applied much faster and thus secondary effects may be avoided.
Treatment according to the stage of anal cancer
Stage 0 (zero) of anal cancer. Treatment consists of local resection.
Stage I of anal cancer. Treatment consists of:
External radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy;
Internal radiotherapy (in the case in which cancer has not disappeared during the external one);
Abdominal-pelvic resection (in the case in which cancer still evolves after the previous treatment);
Patients that do not lose their sphincter muscles must be re-evaluated in from 3 months to 3 months during the first two years after the surgery.
Stage II of anal cancer. Treatment consists of:
External radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy;
Inclusion in a clinical trial for non-conventional treatment.
Stage IIIA of anal cancer. Treatment consists of:
External radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy;
Inclusion in a clinical trial for non-conventional treatment.
Stage IIIB of anal cancer. Treatment consists of:
External radiotherapy with chemotherapy;
Local or abdominal-pelvic resection;
Inclusion in a clinical trial for non-conventional treatment.
Stage IV of anal cancer. Treatment consists of:
Surgery as far as this can improve the quality of life (in this stage cancer cannot be cured anymore);
Radiotherapy or chemotherapy (only for palliative purposes);
Inclusion in a clinical trial for non-conventional treatment.
Recurrent anal cancer can be treated as follows:
Radiotherapy or chemotherapy, in the case in which the cancer has not disappeared after a previous attempt to remove it by surgery;
Surgery, in the case in which the cancer has not disappeared after a previous attempt to remove it by radiotherapy or chemotherapy;
Inclusion in a clinical trial for non-conventional treatment.
Gestational diabetes is a temporary phase. In this type of diabetes a pregnant woman has the levels of blood sugar that are higher than normal. Till so far the exact cause of this type of diabetes is still unknown. However many doctors are of the belief that these disturbed blood sugar levels are because of an increased stress on the body of the woman. Most women do not experience any obvious symptoms of gestational diabetes. The disease remains undetected unless they go for a routine screening of diabetes during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Some doctors think that it is the placenta and its working that is the main reason of gestational diabetes. Placenta is the system that supports the growing fetus in the uterus. In the period of pregnancy placenta produces many different types of hormones. Some of these hormones are not in the favor of the efficiency of mother’s hormones.
The result is high-level of sugar in blood. Though the pancreas of the mother’s body is producing three times more insulin to counteract the placental hormones but insulin cannot enter the cells. This condition is termed insulin resistance.
Sometimes pregnant women are able to note the classical symptoms of diabetes. These are
Excessive Urination: This is the result of increased blood flow towards the kidneys so surplus sugar could be expelled through urine.
Excessive Thirst: This is the reaction to the excessive urinary output to avoid dehydration.
Extreme Hunger: The sugar consumed by the body is unable to enter the cells of the body so the cells become starved of energy. These starving cells give signals to the brain that they are hungry.
Unexplained Weight Loss: In spite of the fact that a pregnant woman is eating a lot to feed the starving cells and the growing fetus, there is a continuous decrease in the weight of the body of the mother.
The doctor may be able to see that the weight of the baby is increasing but the weight of the mom is decreasing.
Tiredness: It is very difficult to distinguish between pregnancy fatigue and the exhaustion because of diabetes. The woman may feel completely exhausted even without doing any strenuous activity. The reason again here is the lack of energy as the cells are unable to convert glucose into energy.
Irritability and Mood Swings: Again the woman may confuse this irritable behavior because of pregnancy hormones.
Blurriness in Vision: The vision of the pregnant women starts to get blurred because of an increased blood flow towards the retina of eye.
In order to understand the kidney stones symptoms, at first let us understand what is kidney stone actually? How is it formed? What are the different types of kidney stones?
As per definition a kidney stone is a result of development when the substances in the urine form into crystals that stick together and grow in size. It occurs due to the chemical reaction that takes place when the urine becomes concentrated and certain substances combine together to create an object that is too big to pass in the urine.
The formation of kidney stones takes place when salts or minerals found in urine become solid crystals inside the kidney. These crystals may gather and grow into a stone, ranging in size from a grain of sand to a golf ball. Most of the time kidney stones are painless when in the kidney but they cause severe pain as they travel from the kidneys to the bladder.
There are four kinds of kidney stones that occur from the different salts in urine.
1.CALCIUM STONES are the most common type of kidney stones which account for 75 to 85 % of kidney stone cases. The calcium stones are formed of calcium, combining with calcium oxalate, phosphate or carbonate. It is much common in men than in women.
2.URIC ACID STONES are usually soft, brown in colour and smooth. They are formed due to excess amounts of uric acid in the body. Mostly 5 to 10 percent of kidney stone cases fall in this category and are more likely to occur in men.
3.CYSTINE STONES are very rare and account for only 1% of all stones cases. These stones are yellow in colour and are formed by the combination of lysine, arginine and ornithine. It commonly occurs to people suffering from the hereditary disorder called Cystinuria and it occurs to both and men and women equally.
4.STRUVITE or INFECTION STONES are large in size and have a horn like shape. They form when there is excess of ammonium phosphate and magnesium in the urine. They mainly occur if a person has a urinary tract infection because the bacteria which cause this infection generate ammonia to a great deal. Struvite stones are often found in women.
The attacks of kidney stones are extremely painful and it is very difficult to diagnose the stones unless you have the clear knowledge about the kidney stones symptoms. Most of the kidney stones which are too small in size do not cause any symptoms at all and many of them do not show any movement. But if a kidney stone leads to a blockage, the common symptoms observed at this time are
1.Regular urge to urinate
2.Burning sensation during urination
3.Smelly urine which can be bloody or cloudy
4.Regular experience of fever and chills 5.Constant feeling of tiredness and being sick
6.Severe back ache on one or both sides
7.Sudden spasms of severe and shooting pains
The warning signs and symptoms of a kidney stone attack are
1.If you suffer from a dull tooth ache pain originating in the lower back or pelvis regard this as the first indication for a kidney stone problem. This pain can be continuous or it may come and go back.
2.A general sense of fatigue and disorientation may occur along with fever or chills.
3.Energy levels go down dramatically and walking becomes too difficult
4.The pain makes the everyday tasks nearly impossible
5.The person can experience problem in reaching above the head or recovering from a bent position.
6.Blood traces in the urine or unusual colour of urine along with sharp pain in the kidney region is a definitive symptom of a kidney stone problem.
7.Bloating from time to time with frequent urination
8.Nausea and vomiting can also occur for some kidney stone cases
A family history of kidney stone problem increases the chances of kidney problems as it is a hereditary problem. So if you are aware that kidney stone attacks run in the family you can take some preventive measures to avoid kidney stone attack easily.
1.Always keep your self well hydrated and drink plenty of water to make your urine clear rather then yellow in colour.
2.Avoid excessive dairy consumption especially at night.
3.Never never withhold urination for a long span of time as it can work against you in the long run.
4.Drink lots of cranberry juice.
5.Avoid lots of sugar intake and caffeine beverages.
6.Specially avoid spinach and asparagus.
7.Limit you amount of animal protein intake.
8.Make your salt intake limited along with limited alcohol consumption.
Thus if you make some life style changes and practice all the preventive measures, you can in fact in reality lessen the chances of suffering from a kidney stone attack again as the chances of getting kidney stone attack after every 5 to 6 years are very common.
My mom till date takes care of her eating habits and she drinks lots of water empty stomach and during the day time. According to her the best thing one can do is to keep oneself hydrated at all times which is a wonderful and natural cure for number of diseases and problems.And one should try not to withhold urination as far as possible.
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